AP DSC SA Biological Science Syllabus – AP TET cum TRT 2023

AP DSC SA Biological Science Syllabus, Teacher Recruitment (TET cum TRT) 2023 SA Biological Science Syllabus, School Assistant Biological Science Syllabus, AP DSC SA Biological Science Syllabus DSC 2023

Category of Post: School Assistant – Biological Science Syllabus


  1. Development, Growth & Maturation – Concept & Nature
    2.Principles of development
  2. Factors influencing Development – Biological, Psychological, Sociological
  3. Dimensions of Development and their interrelationships – Physical & Motor, Cognitive, Emotional, Social, Moral, Language relating to Infancy, early Childhood, late Child hood, Adolescence.
  4. Understanding Development – Piaget, Kohlberg, Chomsky, Carl Rogers
  5. Individual differences – Intra & Inter Individual differences in the areas of Attitudes, Aptitude, Interest, Habits, Intelligence and their Assessment
  6. Development of Personality – Concept, Factors effecting development of Personality
  7. Adjustment, Behavioural problems, Mental Health
  8. Methods and Approaches of Child Development – Observation, Interview, Case study, Experimental, Cross sectional and Longitudinal
  9. Developmental tasks and Hazards


  1. Concept, Nature of Learning – input – process – outcome
  2. Factors of Learning – Personal and Environmental
  3. Approaches to Learning and their applicability–Behaviourism (Skinner, Pavlov, Thorndike), Constructivism (Piaget, Vygotsky), Gestalt(Kohler, Koffka) and Observational (Bandura)
  4. Dimensions of Learning – Cognitive, Affective and Performance
  5. Motivation and Sustenance –its role in learning.
  6. Memory & Forgetting
  7. Transfer of Learning


  1. Teaching and its relationship with learning and learner
  2. Learners in Contexts: Situating learner in the socio-political and cultural context
  3. Children from diverse contexts–Children With Special Needs (CWSN), Inclusive Education
  4. Understanding of pedagogic methods – Enquiry based learning, Project based learning, Survey, Observation and Activity based learning
  5. Individual and Group learning: Issues and concerns with respect to organizing learning in class room like Study habits, Self learning and Learning to learn skills
  6. Organizing learning in heterogeneous class room groups – Socio-economic background, Abilities and Interest
  7. Paradigms of organizing Learning-Teacher centric, Subject centric and Learner centric
  8. Teaching as Planned activity – Elements of Planning
  9. Phases of Teaching – Pre active, Interactive and Post active
    10.General and Subject related skills, competencies required in teaching and attributes of good facilitator
  10. Learning resources – Self, Home, School, Community, Technology
  11. Class room Management: Role of student, teacher, Leadership style of teacher, Creation of non- threatening learning environment, Managing behaviour problems, Guidance & Counselling, Punishment and its legal implications, Rights of a child, Time Management.
  12. Distinction between Assessment for Learning & Assessment of Learning, School based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation : Perspective & Practice
  13. Understanding teaching & learning in the context of NCF, 2005 & Right To Education Act, 2009.

Part – III: Language – I (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 30)

Optional by the Candidate: Telugu/Urdu/Hindi/Tamil/Kannada/Oriya/Sanskrit

Part – IV: Language – II (English) (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 30)

(1) Parts of Speech (2) Tenses (3) Active voice & Passive voice (4) Prepositions and Articles (5) Degrees of comparison (6) Clauses (7) Verbs – Main Verbs – Auxiliary Verbs (8) Adverbs – Types of Adverbs (9) Conjunction – coordinating conjunction – subordinating conjunction. (10) Direct and Indirect speech (11) Questions and question tags (12) Types of sentences – simple, compound and complex – synthesis of sentences (13) Phrases – uses of phrases. (14) Composition – letter writing – précis writing (15) Comprehension (16) Vocabulary – Antonyms, Synonyms and Spellings


  1. Aspects of English:- (a) English language – History, nature, importance, principles of English as second language. (b) Problems of teaching / learning English.
  2. Objectives of teaching English.
  3. Phonetics / Transcription.
  4. Development of Language skills:- (a) Listening, Speaking, Reading & Writing (LSRW). (b) Communicative skills – Imparting values through Communication.
  5. Approaches, Methods, Techniques of teaching English:- (a) Introduction, definition & types of Approaches, Methods &Techniques of teaching English (b) Remedial teaching.
  6. Teaching of structures and vocabulary.
  7. Teaching learning materials in English.
  8. Lesson Planning.
  9. Curriculum & Textbooks – Importance and its need.
  10. Evaluation in English language.

Part – V: Mathematics and Science (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 100)
V (a) Biological Science (Content and Methodology) (Marks: 70)


  1. Biological Sciences : Its importance and human welfare, Branches of Biology, Biologists, Reputed Biological Institutions in India
  2. Living World : Life and its Characteristics, Classification of Living Organisms
  3. Microbial World : Virus, Bacteria, Algae, Fungi and Protozoan, Useful and Harmful Micro-organisms
  4. Cell & Tissues : Cell – Structural and Functional unit of life. Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cell, Structure of Eukaryotic Cell, Cell Organelles, Differences between Plant Cell and Animal Cell, Cell Division – Mitosis and Meiosis, Tissues – Structure, Functions and Types of Plant and Animal tissues.
  5. Plant World : Morphology of a Typical Plant – Root, Stem, Leaf, Flower, Inflorescence, Fruit – their Structure, Types and Functions, Parts of a Flower, Modifications of Root, Stem and Leaf, Photosynthesis, Transpiration, Transportation (Ascent of Sap), Respiration, Excretion and Reproduction in Plants, Plant Hormones, Economic importance of Plants, Wild and Cultivated Plants, Agricultural Operations, Crop diseases and Control measures, Improvement in Crop yield, Storage, Preservation and Protection of Food and Plant Products
  6. Animal World : Organs and Organ Systems including man – Their Structure and Functions Digestive, Respiratory, Circulatory, Excretory, Nervous, Control and Co- ordination and Reproductive, Sense Organs: Structure and Functions of Eye, Ear, Nose, Tongue and Skin. Nutrition in man – Nutrients and their functions, Balanced Diet, Deficiency diseases, Tropical diseases, Skin diseases, Blindness in man: Causes, Prevention and Control, Health agencies, First Aid – Bites: Insect, Scorpion and Snakes, Fractures, Accidents, Life skills, Wild and Domesticated animals, Economic Importance of Animals, Animal Husbandry – Pisciculture, Sericulture, Poultry, Breeding of Cows and Buffaloes
  7. Our Environment : Abiotic and Biotic factors and Ecosystems, Natural Resources – Classification, Judicial use of Renewable, Non-renewable and Alternative Resources, Wild Life – Conservation, Sanctuaries, National Parks in India, Bio-Geochemical Cycles, Pollution – Air, Water, Soil and Sound Global Environmental issues – Global Warming (Green House Effect), Acid Rains and Depletion of Ozone layer
  8. World of Energy : Work and Energy, Energy transformation, Need for Energy in living organisms, Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR), Energy relations in Ecosystems, Bio-mass and Bio-fuels, Non-Conventional Energy sources
  9. Recent Trends in Biology : Hybridization, Genetic Engineering, Gene Bank, Gene Therapy, Tissue Culture and Bio-Technology


  1. The Nature & Scope of Science: A brief introduction of Oriental and Western Science, Nature of Science, Scope of Science, Substantive and Syntactic Structure of Science.
  2. Aims and Values of Teaching Biological Sciences: Aims of teaching Biological Sciences, Values of teaching Biological Sciences.
  3. Objectives of Teaching Biological Sciences: Importance of Objectives of Teaching Biological Sciences, Bloom’s Taxonomy of Educational Objectives and limitations, Writing Instructional Objectives and Specifications
  4. Approaches and Methods of Teaching Biological Sciences: Inductive Approach and Deductive Approach, Methods of Teaching 1. Lecture Method, 2. Lecture cum Demonstration Method, 3. Heuristic Method, 4. Project Method, 5. Experimental Method, 6. Laboratory Method.
  5. Planning for effective Instruction: Year Plan, Unit Plan, Lesson Plan – Herbartian and Bloom’s Approach, Criteria for Evaluation of Lesson Plan. Self Evaluation and Peer Evaluation, Learning experiences – Characteristics, Classification, Sources and Relevance, Teaching – Learning Material and Resources in Biological Sciences.
  6. Science Laboratories: Importance of Practical work in Biological Sciences, Planning Science Laboratory, Procurement, Care and Maintenance of Laboratory Equipment, Maintenance of different Registers, Safety and First aid, Development of Improvised Apparatus
  7. Science Curriculum: Principles of Curriculum Construction, Defects in the existing School Science Curriculum, Correlation of Biological Sciences with other School Subjects, Qualities of a good Biological Science Text-book.
  8. Biological Science Teacher: Qualities of a good Biological Sciences Teacher, Roles and Responsibilities
  9. Non-formal Science Education: Science club, Eco-club, Blue-club, Red- ribbon club, Science fairs – Objectives, levels of organizations, importance, Science Laboratories, Role of NGO`S and State in popularizing science.
    10.Evaluation: Concept and process of Measurement and Evaluation, Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation, Tools of Evaluation, Preparation of Scholastic Achievement Test(SAT), Analysis and interpretation of scores.

V(b) Mathematics (Content and Methodology) (Marks : 15)

  1. Number system: Whole numbers, place value, comparison, fundamental mathematical operations ; Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication and Division, Indian Currency, Prime and Composite numbers, Prime factors, Lowest Common Multiple (LCM) and Greatest Common Multiple (GCM).
  2. Fractions: Concept of fractions, proper fractions, improper fractions, mixed fractions, decimal fractions, comparison, addition, subtraction, multiplication, division of fractions and decimal fractions. Use of fractions in daily life. Rational Numbers; definition, four fundamental operations; properties of numbers (N, W, Z and Q), Square, Square root, Cube, Cube root, and factorization.
  3. Arithmetic: Unitary method, Ratio & Proportion, percentages, average, profit loss.
  4. Geometry: Rotation, Types of Angles, Construction and measurement of Angles, line, axis, shapes, reflection and symmetry.
  5. Measurements: Length, Weight, Capacity, Time, Perimeter and Area, their standard units and relation between them.
  6. Data Applications: Introduction to Data, data presentation, Bar graph.


  1. Meaning, Nature and Definitions of Mathematics
  2. Correlation with other school subjects and daily life.
  3. Aims, values and instructional objectives of teaching Mathematics
  4. Child Centered and Activity Based Approaches in Teaching Mathematics
  5. Methods of Teaching & Remedial measures in Mathematics
  6. Instructional Material, TLM and Resource Utilization in Mathematics
  7. Curriculum, Text Book & Instructional Planning
  8. Evaluation, tools of evaluation and Continuous Comprehensive Evaluation

V (c) Physical Science (Content and Methodology) (Marks : 15)

  1. Measurements: Units and Different Systems –C.G.S., M.K.S., S.I.
    Triangulation method for measuring long distances, Measurement of Length, Area, Volume, Mass, Density and Time. Fundamental and Derived units.
    Measuring instruments –ҏҟ Scale, Tape, Vernier Calipers, Different types of clocks,
  2. Natural Resources – Air, Water: Water pollution, Harnessing of water, States of water, Hardness of water, water pressure, Air pollution, Atmospheric Pressure, Air pressure, Archimedes’ principle, Pascal’s law, Bernoulli’s Principle, Hydrometer, Barometer. Laws of floatation, Specificҏҟ gravity, Surface tension, Fluid Mechanics.
  3. Our Universe: Constellation – Zodiac, Space travel; Solar system, Satellites, stars, comets; Earth- layers of earth.
  4. Natural Phenomenon:
    Light: Rectilinear propagation of Light, Shadows, transparent and opaque materials; reflection, Laws of reflection, refraction, Reflection at spherical mirrors, refractive index of glass slab
    Sound: Sources of sound, Transmission of sound, Sound Pollution, Waves, Kinds of Waves, Wave Propagation, Musical instruments.
    Heat: Heat and Temperature, Measurement of Temperature and Thermometer, Change of State due to heat
  5. Mechanics – Kinematics, Dynamics: Scalar and Vectors.
    Types of Motion; Speed,ҏҟ Velocity, Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Friction, Momentum, Principals of Conservation, Centre of Gravity, State of Equilibrium.
  6. Magnetism and Electricity: Magnetism: Natural Magnets and Artificial Magnets, properties of Magnets, Magnetic Induction, uses of Magnets, Methods of Magnetisation.
    Electricity: Circuit Connection-Components, Primary Cells, Charge; Effects of Electric Current (Light, Heat, Magnetic), Primary Cells, Current Flow, Heating and Magnetic Effects of an Electric Current, Series, Parallel connections, Symbols of Electrical Elements, Modern World Instrument. Information and Communication Technology, Computers.
  7. Matter-Its changes: Elements and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae, Chemical Equations
    Action of heat on substances, Physical and Chemical changes, types of chemical changes Preparation of Gases (Oxygen, Hydrogen, Carbon- Di-Oxide, Chlorine, Hydrogen Chloride) Acids, Basis, Salt. Water and its constituents. Hardness of water. Sulphur, Nitrogen, Phosphorous and their compounds. Common salt and its constituents.
  8. Laws of Chemical Combination and Chemical Calculations: Laws of chemical combination, Calculations based on chemical equations.


  1. Definition, Nature, Structure and History of Science
  2. Aims, Values and Instructional Objectives of teaching Science
  3. Method of Teaching Science
  4. Instructional Material in Teaching Science – TLM in Science.
  5. Instructional Planning
  6. Science Laboratory
  7. Science Teacher – Changing Roles
  8. Science Curriculum and its transaction
  9. Science Textbook.
  10. Evaluation – CCE – Designing, Administration, Analysis, Scholastic Achievement Test (SAT)
  11. Download the AP DSC 2014 SA Biological Science Syllabus from here

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