Every School must have Essential Components, Every school must have the following components as part of Swachh Patashala.
- Daily provision of safe drinking water
- Daily provision of safe drinking water for food preparation and cooking
- Daily provision of adequate water supply for toilets, urinals and hand washing stations with water storage tank.
Note: Ideally every school should have atleast 1 functional source of water, inside the school premises. In its absence, school must ensure that all students bring potable water from home. Every School must have Essential Components
Atleast one separate toilet each for boys and girls, with one unit generally having one toilet (WC) plus 3 urinals; accessible to Children With Special Needs (CWSN) as well Each toilet should be child friendly and should have all components below:
- Access to water by use of bucket or tap
- 1 ceramic rural squatting pan
- 1 door with latch for each toilet
- 1 ventilator in each toilet or an opening for at least 4 hrs of sunlight exposure
- Roof cover that provides privacy and protection from sun and rain
- Bucket and mug in each toilet.
Atleast one separate urinal for boys and girls
In case of upper primary and high schools, atleast one girls toilet should have covered dustbin for disposing used sanitary napkins
All toilets must be connected to leach pit /septic tank/ bio-digester or sewerage system
Note: The RTE recommends one toilet for every 80 students and one urinal for every 20 students
Note: If source of water is not inside the toilet block, school should ensure access to water through a water drum or bucket.
- Hand washing facilities close to the toilet to be used after toilet use
- Group hand washing facilities allowing groups of 10-12 students to wash hands at the same time before midday meal
- Daily access to soap for MDM cooks for hand washing
- Soap must be made available to students at all times for hand washing after toilet use
Note: In the absence of group hand washing facilities, school should provide hand washing facility either by bucket and soap Or tap and soap
Solid waste disposal
- Every classroom must have a dustbin
- School should have a pit within the school premises or Municipal or Panchayat bin for disposal of waste from classrooms and kitchen
Note: Waste segregation must be promoted; Dustbins to be used for dry waste and pits for wet waste