Pradhan Mantri Urban Awas Yojana is a Social Security Welfare Schemes and PMAY-U is a flagship Mission of Government of India being implemented by Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA), was launched on 25th June 2015. The Mission addresses urban housing shortage among the EWS/LIG and MIG categories including the slum dwellers by ensuring a pucca house to all eligible urban households by the year 2022, when Nation completes 75 years of its Independence.
The Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban) Programme launched by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (MoHUPA), in Mission mode envisions provision of Housing for All by 2022, when the Nation completes 75 years of its Independence. The Mission seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers through following programme verticals:
- Slum rehabilitation of Slum Dwellers with participation of private developers using land as a resource
- Promotion of Affordable Housing for weaker section through credit linked subsidy
- Affordable Housing in Partnership with Public & Private sectors
- Subsidy for beneficiary-led individual house construction /enhancement.
|Name of the Scheme||Pradhan Mantri Urban Awas Yojana|
|Title||Check the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Urban|
|Subject||Govt Of India launched the PM Urban Awas Yojana|
|PM Urban Housing Scheme||https://pmaymis.gov.in/|
Beneficiaries of PMAYU
- The mission seeks to address the housing requirement of urban poor including slum dwellers. A slum is defined as a compact area of at least 300 people or about 60 – 70 households of poorly built congested tenements in unhygienic environment usually with inadequate infrastructure and lacking in proper sanitary and drinking water facilities.
- Beneficiaries include Economically weaker section (EWS), low-income groups (LIGs) and Middle Income Groups (MIGs). The annual income cap is up to Rs 3 lakh for EWS, Rs 3-6 lakh for LIG and Rs 6 + -18 lakhs for MIG. EWS category of beneficiaries is eligible for assistance in all four verticals of the Missions whereas LIG and MIG categories are eligible under only Credit linked subsidy scheme (CLSS) component of the Mission.
- For identification as a EWS or LIG beneficiary under the scheme, an individual loan applicant will submit self-certificate/ affidavit as proof of income.
- A beneficiary family will comprise husband, wife, unmarried sons and/or unmarried daughters.
- The beneficiary family should not own a pucca house either in his/her name or in the name of any member of his/her family in any part of India to be eligible to receive central assistance under the mission.
- States/UTs, at their discretion, may decide a cut-off date on which beneficiaries need to be resident of that urban area for being eligible to take benefits under the scheme.
At the slum decadal growth rate of 34%, the slum households are projected to go upto 18 million. 2 million non-slum urban poor households are proposed to be covered under the Mission. Hence, total housing shortage envisaged to be addressed through the new mission is 20 million.
Scope of PMAYU
- “Housing for All” Mission for urban area is being implemented during 2015-2022 and this Mission will provide central assistance to implementing agencies through States and UTs for providing houses to all eligible families/beneficiaries by 2022.
- Mission will be implemented as Centrally Sponsored Scheme (CSS) except for the component of credit linked subsidy which will be implemented as a Central Sector Scheme.
- Mission with all its component has become effective from the date 17.06.2015 and will be implemented up to 31.03.2022
Coverage and Duration
- All 4041 statutory towns as per Census 2011 with focus on 500 Class I cities would be covered in three phases as follows:
- Phase I (April 2015 – March 2017) to cover 100 Cities selected from States/UTs as per their willingness.
- Phase II (April 2017 – March 2019) to cover additional 200 Cities
- Phase III (April 2019 – March 2022) to cover all other remaining Cities
The Mission will be implemented through four verticals giving option to beneficiaries, ULBs and State Governments.
In Situ Slum Redevelopment: This vertical will be implemented with a concept “Land as a resource” with private sector participation for providing houses to eligible slum dwellers. Slums, whether on Central Government land/State Government land/ULB land, Private Land, should be taken up for “in-situ” redevelopment for providing houses to all eligible slum dwellers. Slums so redeveloped should compulsorily be denotified.
Affordable Housing through Credit Linked Subsidy – Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme for EWS and LIG: Under Credit Linked Subsidy, beneficiaries of Economically Weaker section (EWS) and Low Income Group (LIG) can seek housing loans from Banks, Housing Finance Companies and other such institutions for new construction and enhancement to existing dwellings as incremental housing . The credit linked subsidy will be available only for loan amounts up to Rs 6 lakhs and such loans would be eligible for an interest subsidy at the rate of 6.5 % for tenure of 20 years or during tenure of loan whichever is lower. Total interest subsidy available to each beneficiary under this component is Rs.2.30 lakh.
The Net Present Value (NPV) of the interest subsidy will be calculated at a discount rate of 9 %. Any additional loans beyond Rs. 6 lakhs, will be at nonsubsidized rate. Interest subsidy will be credited upfront to the loan account of beneficiaries through lending institutions resulting in reduced effective housing loan and Equated Monthly Installment (EMI).
The carpet area of houses being constructed under this component should be upto 30 sq.m. for EWS category and upto 60 sq.m. for LIG category. This means that if the carpet area exceeds the respective limits, then the beneficiaries would not be eligible to avail of the benefit under this component.
Preference under the Scheme will be given to Manual Scavengers, Women (with overriding preference to widows), persons belonging to Scheduled Castes/ Scheduled Tribes/ Other Backward Classes, Minorities, Persons with disabilities and Transgenders subject to beneficiaries being from EWS / LIG segments.
There is no processing charge payable by the beneficiary for housing loans upto Rs. 6 lakh under the Scheme. For additional loan amounts beyond Rs. 6 lakh, Primary Lending Institutions (PLIs0 WILL charge the normal processing fee.
Credit Linked Subsidy Scheme for Middle Income Groups – CLSS (MIG): The window of fulfilling the aspiration of owning a pucca house for the tax paying large middle class population, has been made operational from January 1, 2017.
Affordable Housing Through Partnership: The Mission will provide financial assistance at the rate of Rs. 1.5 Lakh per EWS house being built under these different partnerships by States/UTs/Cities. An affordable housing project can be a mix of houses for different categories (EWS, LIG, and HIG etc.,) but it will be eligible for central assistance, if at least 35% of the houses in the project are for EWS category and a single project has at least 250 houses.
Subsidy for Beneficiary-led individual house construction: This is assistance to individual eligible families belonging to EWS categories to either construct new houses or enhance existing houses on their own to cover the beneficiaries who are not able to take advantage of any other component of the mission. Such families may avail of central assistance of Rs. 1.5 lakh and should be part of HFA PoA. A minimum addition of 9.0 sq.mt of carpet area to the existing house will be required to be eligible for Central assistance under the ‘Beneficiary Led Construction’ component of the housing mission.
A beneficiary desirous of availing this assistance shall approach the ULBs with adequate documentation regarding availability of land owned by them. Such beneficiaries may be residing either in slums or outside the slums. Beneficiaries in slums which are not being redeveloped can be covered under this component if beneficiaries have a Kutcha or semi Pucca house.
Central assistance will be released to the bank accounts of beneficiaries identified in projects through States/UTs as per recommendations of State/UT.