TSPSC JL Recruitment Syllabus & Exam Pattern (Scheme of the exam)

TSPSC JLs Recruitment Syllabus & Exam Pattern. Scheme of exam & Syllabus for Residential Educational Institution Societies JLs Recruitment; Exam Pattern and Syllabus for TS REIS’s JLs Recruitment syllabus, exam scheme; tspsc tswreis, mjp bcwreis, tstwreis, tmreis JLs recruitment syllabus, exam scheme.

TSPSC JLs Recruitment Syllabus, Exam pattern (Scheme of the exam) Scheme and Syllabus for the post of Junior Lecturers in Residential Educational Institution Societies.

JL Notification 2023TSPSC JL Notification 2023
JL Syllabus 2023TSPSC JL Syllabus 2023
JL Notification

Preliminary (Screening Test) Scheme of Examination

Written Examination
(Objective Type)
No. of   Questions Duration   (Minutes) Marks
Paper General Studies, General Abilities and Basic Proficiency in English 150150150

Syllabus: Paper: General Studies, General Abilities and Basic Proficiency in English

Section-I: General Studies

  1. Current Affairs – Regional, National & International. 
  2. Indian Constitution; Indian Political System; Governance and Public Policy. 
  1. Social Exclusion;  Rights issues such as  Gender,  Caste,  Tribe,  Disability etc.and inclusive policies.
  2. Society Culture,   Civilization   Heritage,   Arts, and  Literature   of  India  and    Telangana   
  3. General Science; India’s Achievements in Science and Technology 
  4. Environmental  Issues; Disaster  Management-   Prevention   and  Mitigation    Strategies and Sustainable Development.   
  5. Economic and Social Development of India and Telangana. 
  6. Socio-economic, Political and Cultural History of Telangana with special emphasis on Telangana Statehood  Movement and formation of Telangana state.

Section-II: General Abilities

  1. Analytical Abilities: Logical Reasoning and Data Interpretation. 
  2. 10. Moral Values and Professional Ethics in Education. 
  3. 11. Teaching Aptitude

Section III: Basic Proficiency in English

1.i) School Level English Grammar: Articles; Tense; Noun & Pronouns; Adjectives; Adverbs; Verbs; Modals; Subject-Verb Agreement; Non-Finite; Reported Speech; Degrees of Comparison; Active and Passive Voice; Prepositions; Conjunctions; Conditionals.

ii) Vocabulary: Synonyms and Antonyms; Phrasal Verbs; Related Pair of Words; Idioms and Phrases; Proverbs.

iii) Words and Sentences :Use of Words ; Choosing Appropriate words  and  Words often Confused;  Sentence  Arrangement, Completion, Fillers and Improvement;  Transformation of Sentences ; Comprehension; Punctuation; Spelling Test; Spotting of Errors.

Main Examination Scheme and Syllabus for the post of Junior: Lecturer in Residential Educational Institution Societies

Scheme of Examination

Written Examination (Objective Type) No. of   Questions Duration (Minutes)     Marks
Paper 1: Pedagogy  Across the Curriculum   (Common Syllabus)10090100
Paper 2: Subject Discipline Knowledge/ Concerned Subject200180200
Interview/ Demonstration /viva-voce30

Syllabus: Paper I: Pedagogy Across the Curriculum (Common Syllabus)

  1. I. The History and Nature of liberal disciplines  of knowle   Importance  of Cognitive and Non-Cognitive areas in Education.   
  2. II. Values, Aims and Objectives of Teaching Liberal and Creative Disciplines of Knowledge including  Vocational  subjects,  Crafts, Performance  and Fine arts

III. Psychology of Human Development; Psychology of Teaching and Learning.

  1. IV. Curriculum : Construction ,Organization and Development 
  2. V. Approaches, Methods and Techniques of Teaching Disciplines of Knowledge 
  1. VI. Planning for Effective Instruction : Different Plans and Designing Learning Experiences.   VII.      Learning Resources and Designing Instructional Material ; Labs; Teaching Aids ; Textbooks; ICT integration; OERs (Open Educational Resources).
  2.  VIII.   Measurement and Evaluation  :  Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation (CCE) ; Tools and Techniques of Evaluation; Achievement and Diagnostic Tests.  Critical approach to assessment and evaluation.   
  3. IX. Learning Disabilities; Learning Difficulties and Education of Exceptional and Disabled Children   
  4. X. Disciplines of Knowledge and  Everyday Life ; Non-formal Education in the Institutions of Learning.   
  5. XI. Pedagogical Concerns: Quality and Academic  Standards;  Teaching and Its relationship  with  Learning  and  Learner,  Learners  in Contexts:  Situating learner  in the Socio-Political  and Cultural  Context  ; Managing  Behavior problems, Guidance & Counseling, Punishment and Its legal implications, Rights of a Child, Time Management, Distinction between Assessment for Learning and Assessment of Learning, School Based Assessment, Continuous and Comprehensive Evaluation; Understanding Teaching and Learning in the context of NCF and Right to Education A

Main Examination Syllabus for the post of Junior Lecturer in Residential Educational Institution Societies

Paper  II:  Main Examination Syllabus for the post of Junior Lecturer in Residential Educational Institution Societies

Paper II: English: Genres, Movements, Schools, Concepts. 

  • Renaissance-Reformation, Metaphysical poetry, Neo-classicism, Puritanism, Restoration, Romanticism,Victorian Age, Realism-Naturalism, Expressionism, Symbolism, Modernism, Postmodernism.  
  • Structuralism, Poststructuralism,  Feminism,  Postcolonialism,  Diaspora,  Race Gender and Caste.   
  • English Literary Criticism from Philip Sydney to Matthew Arnold 
  • New Criticism,   Formalism,    Archetypal    criticism,   New   Historicism, Psychoanalytical criticism,Reader response criticism. 
  • Literary Genres: Poetry, Fiction, Prose, Drama (origins and development, elements, forms, types)    

II. Writers and Texts    

  • Christopher Marlowe                      Doctor Faustus
  • William Shakespeare                     Hamlet
  • John Milton                                     Paradise Lost-Book 1
  • William Wordsworth                       “Immortality Ode”, Tintern Abbey
  • Robert Browning                            “My Last Duchess”, “Andrea del Sarto”
  • Thomas Hardy                               Tess of the d’ Urbervilles
  • TS Eliot                                           The Waste Land
  • G.B. Shaw                                      Saint Joan
  • Virginia Woolf                                 “A Room of One’s Own”
  • William Golding                              Lord of the Flies
  • Walt Whitman                                 “When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard

Bloomd”,”Crossing Brooklyn Ferry”

  • Arthur Miller                                    Death of a Salesman
  • Toni Morrison                                 Beloved
  • Mulk Raj Anand                              Untouchable
  • Kamala Das                                    “An Introduction”, “The Old Playhouse”
  • Girish Karnad                                 Hayavadana
  • Salman Rushdie                             Midnight’s Children
  • Chinua Achebe                              Things Fall Apart
  • Margaret Atwood                            Edible Woman
  • Derek Walcott                                 Dream on Monkey Mountain

III English Language Teaching

  1. ELT in India  : (History  and  status  of  English  in India;  English  as  Second Language, English as Foreign Language, and English as Global Language).   
  2. Methods and  Approaches:  (Grammar  Translation  method,  Direct  method, Audio-Lingual  method;  Structural  approach,  Communicative  language teaching)  
  3. Teaching of Language Skills : (Teaching of Listening, Speaking, Reading, and Writing Skills; Teaching of Grammar and Functional English; Teaching of Vocabulary; Classroom techniques; Use of authentic materials) Teaching literature.  
  4. Testing  and   Evaluation:   (Principles,   Types,   Objectives   of   testing   and evaluation)  
  5. Phonetics and Phonology; Syntax and Structure.    
  6. IV. Literary comprehension-(Excerpts from poetry and prose for comprehension

Main Examination Syllabus for the post of Junior Lecturer in Residential Educational Institution Societies/

Paper – II: Sanskrit: Vedic Literature

Dieties: Agni, Indra, Varuna, Usas, Aksha, Vak, Sarama – Pani, Visvamitra – Nadi. Subject matter of Samhitas, Brachmanas, Aranyakas, Upanisads.

History of Vedic Literature

Main theories regarding the age of Rigveda – Maxmuller, A Weber, Jacobi, Balagangadara Tilak, M. Winternitz, Indian traditional views.


Siksa, Kalpa, Vyakarana, Niruktam, Chandas, Jyotisa.

  1. II. Darasana
  2. i) Samkhyakarika of Isvarakrishna, Satkaryavada, Purusa-svarupa, Prakriti Svarupa, Sristikrama, Pratyayasarga, Kaivalya.   
  3. ii) Vedantasara of Sadananda. Anubandha, Catustaya, Ajnana, Adhyaropa – Apavada, Lingasarirotpatti, Pancikarana, Vivarata, Jivanm

iii) Tarkabhasa of Kesavamisra / Tarkasamgraha of Annambhatta: Padartha, Karana, Pramana, Pratyksa, Anumana, Upamana, Sabda.

  1. iv) Sarvadarsanasamgraha: Jainism, Buddhism, Charvak v) Yogasutra – Vyasabhasya Cittabhumi, Cittavrittis, Concept of Isvara, Yogangas, Samadhi, Kaivalya.   
  • Grammar, Linguistics, Prosody:

1)       Grammar

  • Siddhantakanmdi

Definition – Samhita, Guna, Vriddhi, Pratipadika, Nadi, Ghi, Upadha, Aprikta, Gati, Pada, Vibhasa, Savarna,



Tinamta (Bhu and Edha only) Kridanta (Krityaprakriya only) Taddhita (Matvarthiya) Stripratyaya

  1. ii) Mahabhasya (Paspasahnika) Definition of Sabda

Relation between Sabda and Artha Purposes of the Study of Grammar Definition of Vyakarana.

Result of the proper use of Sabda

Method of Grammar

2)       Linguistics.

  • Paniniyasiksa
  • Definition and types of languages, Genealogical and Morphological classification of languages, Speech mechanism and classification of sounds: Stops, Fricatives, Semi-Vowels and Vowels, Phonetic Laws, (Grimm, Grassmann and Verner)

Characteristics of the three types of Indo Aryan

Causes of Phonetic – change.

Directions of semantic change and reasons

Definition of Vakya and its types. Discourse Analysis (Mahavakyavicara) Difference between Bhasa and Vak Difference between Language and Dialect.

iii) Niruktam, (Chapter 1 and 2 only) Four fold division of Padas, Concept of Nama,

Concept of Akhyata, Meaning of upasarga, categories of Nipatas,

Six states of action (Sadbhavikaras) Purposes of study of Niruktam, Principles of Etymology.

Etymology of following words, Acarya, Vira, Hrada, Go, Samudra, Vritra, Aditya, Usas, Megha,

Vak, Udaka, Nadi, Asva, Agni, Jatavedas, Vaisravana, Nighantu.

  1. iv) Purana and Itihas

Definition of Purana, Mahapuranas and Upapuranas.

  • Ramayana

Arrangement of Ramayana Legends in Ramayana Society in the Ramayana

Ramayana as a source of later Sanskrit works

Literary value of the Ramayana

  • Mahabharata

Arrangement of Mahabharata Legends in Mahabharata Society in the Mahabharata

Mahabharata as a source of later Sanskrit works

Literary value of the Mahabharata

  1. v) Kavyasastra
  • Kavyaprakasha

Kavyalakshana, kavyaprayojana, Kavyahetu, kavyabheda, Sabdasakti, Abhihitanvayavada, Anvitabhidanavada, Concept of Rasa and discussion of Rasasutra

Alankaras, Anuprasa, Slesa, Vakrokti, Upama, Rupaka, Utpreksha, Samasokty,   Apahnuti, Nidarshana, Arthantaranyasa, Dristanta, Vibhavana, Visesokti, Kavyalinga.

  • Dhwanyaloka (I Udyota)
  • Dasarupaka (3rd Chapter only)
  1. vi) Poetry, Prose, Dramas and History of Sanskrit Literature i) Poetry

Raghuvamsa (I and XIV cantos) Kumarasambhava (V canto) Kiratarjuniya (I canto) Sisupalavadha (II canto) Naisadhiyacarita (I canto)

  1. ii) Prose

Dasakumaracaritam (VIII chapter) Harshacharitam (V Chapter)

Kadambari (Shudrakavarnanam & Shukanasopadesha)

iii)  Dramas Svapnavasavadatta. Abhijnanasakuntalam Mrichakatikam Uttrararamacharitam Mudrarakshasam Ratnavali Pratimanatakam

  1. i) History of Sanskrit Literature

Mahakavyas Lagukavyas Historicalkavyas Lyric Poetry Campukavyas Gadyakavyas Didactic Poetry

(VII)    (i)        Kautilya’s Arthasastra (First ten Adikaras) (ii)       Manusmriti (I, II, and VII Adhyayas)

(iii)      Yajnavalkyasmriti (Vyavaharakanda only)

(iv)      Susritasamhita (Sutrasthana and Ojah Kshayah)

(VIII) General Translation

(Sanskrit to English and English to Sanskrit )

Main Examination Syllabus for the post of Junior Lecturer in Residential Educational Institution Societies

Paper – II: Mathematics

  1. Real Analysis

Finite, Countable and Uncountable sets – Real Number system R – Infimum and Supremum of a subset of R – Bolzano- Weierstrass Theorem- Sequences- Convergence- Limit Superior and Limit Inferior of a Sequence- Sub sequences- Heine- Borel Theorem- Infinite Series – Tests of Convergence- Continuity and Uniform continuity of a real valued function of a real variable- Monotonic Functions – Functions of Bounded Variation- Differentiability and Mean Value Theorems- Riemann Integrability- Sequences and Series of Functions

  1. II. Metric Spaces

Metric spaces – Completeness- Compactness- Connectedness – Continuity and Uniform continuity of a function from one metric space into another-Topological Spaces – Bases and Subbases – Continuous functions

III. Elementary Number Theory

Primes and Composite numbers – Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic – Divisibility– Congruences – Fermat’s theorem – Wilson’s Theorem – Euler’s Phi – Function

  1. IV. Group Theory

Groups- Subgroups- Normal Subgroups- Quotient groups- Homomorphisms- IsomorphismTheorems-  Permutation  groups-  Cyclic  groups-  Cayley’s theorem.Sylow’s theorems -Their applications

  1. V. Ring Theory

Rings- Integral domain- Fields- Subrings – Ideals – Quotient rings – Homomorphisms – Prime ideals- Maximal ideals – Polynomial rings – Irreducibility of polynomials – Euclidean domains- Principal ideal domains

  1. V Vector Spaces

Vector Spaces,  Subspaces  – Linear dependence  and independence  of vectors  – basis and dimension – Quotient spaces – Inner product spaces – Orthonormal basis – Gram- Schmidt process

VII. Theory of Matrices

Linear Transformations  – Rank and nullity – Change of bases- Matrix of a Linear Transformation –Singular and Non-singular matrices – Inverse of a matrix – Eigenvalues and Eigenvectors of a matrix and of a Linear Transformation – Cayley- Hamilton’s theorem- Quadratic forms- Signatureand Index

VIII. Complex Analysis

Algebra of Complex Numbers – The Complex Plane – Complex Functions and Their Analyticity – Cauchy-Riemann  equations – Mobius transformations-  Power Series- Complex Integration – Cauchy’s Theorem – Morera’s Theorem – Cauchy’s Integral

Formula – Liouville’s Theorem – Maximum Modules Principle – Schwarz’s Lemma – Taylor’s Series – Laurent’s Series-Calculus of Residues – Evaluation of Integrals

IX. Ordinary Differential Equations

Ordinary  Differential  Equations  (ODE)  of  First order  and  First  degree  – Different methods of solving them – Exact Differential equations and Integrating factors- ODE of First order and Higher degree – Equations  solvable for p, x and y – Clairaut’s equations   –   Singular   Solutions-   Linear   Differential   Equations   with   Constant Coefficients and Variable Coefficients – Variation of Parameter X. Partial Differential Equations

Formation of Partial Differential Equations (PDE) – Lagrange and Charpit’s methods for Solving first order PDEs – Cauchy problem for first order PDEs- Classification of Second Order PDE’s – General Solution of Higher Order PDEs with Constant CoefficientsX Solid Geometry The Plane- Right line- Sphere- Cones and Cylinders

Main Examination Syllabus for the post of Junior Lecturer in Residential Educational Institution Societies

Paper – II: Physics

  1. Mathematical Methods of Physics

Dimensional analysis, vector algebra and vector calculus. Linear algebra, matrices, cayley- Hamilton Theorem. Eigen values and eigenvectors. Linear ordinary  differential  equations  of  first  &  second  order,  special  functions  ( Hermite,  Bessel, Laguerre  and Legendre  functions).  Fourier series, Fourier and  Laplace  transforms.  Elements  of  complex  analysis,  analytic  functions; Taylor   &   Laurent   series:   poles,   residues   and   evaluation   of   integrals. Elementary  probability  theory,  random  variables,  binomial,  Poisson  and normal distributions. Central limit theorem.

  1. II. Classical Mechanics

Newton’s laws. Dynamical systems, Phase space dynamics, stability analysis. Central force motions. Two body collisions-scattering in laboratory and centre of mass frames. Rigid body dynamics-moment  of inertia tensor. Non-inertial frames and pseudo forces. Variational principle. Generalized coordinates.Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalisms and equations of motion. Conservation laws and cyclic coordinates. Periodic motion: small oscillations, normal modes. Special theory of relativity-Lorentz transformations, relativistic kinematics and mass-energy equivalence.

III. Electromagnetic Theory

Electrostatics:   Gauss  s  law  and  its  applications,   Laplace  and  Poisson equations,   boundary   value   problems.   Magneto   statics:   Biot-savart   law, Ampere’s  theorem.  Electromagnetic  induction.  Maxwell’s  equations  in  free space  and  linear  isotropic  media;  boundary  conditions  on  the  fields  at interfaces.  Scalar  and vector  potentials,  gauge invariance.  Electromagnetic waves  in free space.  Dielectrics  and conductors.  Reflection  and refraction, polarization, Fresnel’s law, interference, coherence and diffraction. Dynamics of charged particles in static and uniform electromagnetic fields. Charges particles in inhomogeneous fields.

  1. IV. Quantum mechanics

Wave-particle duality. Schrodinger equation (time-dependent and time- independent).  Eigen value problems  (particle  in a box, harmonic  oscillator, etc..).Tunnelling   through   a   barrier.   Wave   function   in   coordinate   and momentum   representations.    Commutators   and   Heisenberg   uncertainty principle. Dirac notation for state vectors. Motion in a central potential: Orbital angular momentum, angular momentum algebra, spin, addition of angular momenta; Hydrogen atom. Stem-Gerlach experiment. Time independent perturbation theory and applications. Variational method. Time dependent perturbation theory and Fermi’s golden rule.Selactin rules. Identical practices. Pauli exclusion principle.spin-statistics connection.

  1. V. Thermodynamics and statistical Physics

Laws of thermodynamics  and their significance.  Thermodynamic  potentials, Maxwell relations, chemical potential, Phase equilibrium. Phase space. Micro and  macro-  states.  Micro-canonical,  canonical  and  grand-canonical ensembles and partition functions. Free energy and its connection with thermodynamic quantities. Classical and quantum statistics. Bose and Fermi gases. Principle of detailed balance. Black body radiation and Planck’s distribution law

  1. V Electronics

Semiconductor devices (diodes, junctions, transistors, field effect devices, homo- and hetero junction devices), device structure, device characteristics, frequency dependence   and   applications.   Opto-electronic   devices   (solar   cells,   photo detectors, LEDs). Rectifiers and power supplies. Feedback amplifiers and their frequency response. Oscillators, Multivibrators. Operational amplifiers and their applications,   Digital   techniques   and   applications   (Logic   circuits,   registers, counters  and Comparators).  A/D and D/A converters.  Microprocessors,  micro controller basics. Fundamentals of AM communication, FM communication and Fibre optic communication and their techniques.

VII. Atomic & Molecular Physics

Quantum States of an electron in an atom. Electron spin. Spectrum of Helium and alkali atom. Relativistic corrections for energy levels of hydrogen atom, hyper fine structure and isotopic shift, width of spectrum lines, LS &JJ couplings. Zeeman, Paschen-Bach & Stark effects. Frank-condon principle. Electronic rotational, vibrational and Raman spectra of diatomic molecules. Selection rules. Lasers: spontaneous and stimulated emission, Einstein A & B coefficients. Optical pumping, Population inversion, rate equation. Modes of resonators and coherence length.

VIII. Condensed Matter Physics

Bravais lattice. Reciprocal lattice. Diffraction and the structure factor. Bonding of  solids.  Elastic  properties,  Phonons,  lattice  specific  heat.  Free  electron theory and electronic  specific  heat. Response  and Relaxation  phenomena. Drude   model   of   electrical   and   thermal   conductivity.   Hall   Effect   and thermoelectric power. Electron motion in a periodic potential, band theory of solids; metals, insulators and semiconductors. Super conductivity: Type-I and type-II super conductors. Josephson junctions. Superfluidity. Defects and dislocations.  Ordered  phases  of matter:  translational  and orientation  order, kinds of liquid crystalline order. Quasi crystals.

  1. IX. Nuclear and Particle Physics

Basics of radio activity. Basic nuclear properties; size, shape and charge distribution,  spin and parity.  Binding  energy,  Semi-empirical  mass  formula, liquid  drop  model.  Nature  of  the  nuclear  force,  form  of  nucleon-nucleon potential, charge –independence and charge symmetry of nuclear forces. Deuteron problem. Evidence of shell structure, single-particle shell model, its validity and limitations. Elementary ideas of alpha, beta and gamma decays and their selection rules. Fission and fusion. Nuclear reactions. Reaction mechanism, compound nuclei and direct reactions.

Main Examination Syllabus for the post of Junior Lecturer iN Residential Educational Institution Societies

Paper – II: Chemistry

Inorganic Chemistry:

  1. Atomic structure and chemical bonding – structure and bonding in homo and hetero  nuclear molecules. Application of VSEPR, Valence Bond and Molecular orbital    theories  in  explaining  the  structures   of  simple molecules. 
  2. Chemistry of main group (I to VII & Nobel gases) elements. 
  3. Chemistry of transition elements and inner transition elements. 
  4. General principles of metallurgy: Occurrence of metals , Concentration of ores –  levigation,   magnetic   separation,   froth   floatation,   leaching   , Extraction of crude metal         from concentrated ore-conversion  to oxide, reduction of oxide to the metal ,         Thermodynamic        principles        of metallurgy-Ellingham diagramlimitations, applications.      Extraction        of iron,  copper  and  zinc  from  their  oxides,  Electrochemical  principles  of metallurgy, Oxidation and reduction, Refining of crude metal-distillation, liquation   poling,  electrolysis,  zone  refining  and  vapour  phase  refining, Uses of aluminium,       copper,    zinc    and   iron.   Alloys:    Inter-metallic compounds   
  5. Coordination  Chemistry   –IUPAC   nomenclature,   bonding   theories   – Werner’s theory,           EAN  rule,  VBT,  Crystal  Field  Theory  –  Crystal Field splitting patterns in various        geometries,    Factors    affecting    on CFT. Calculation of CFSE – John Teller effect –     Isomerism                   in complexes. Spectral and magnetic properties of Coordination complexes – Russell Sanders coupling – term symbols – charge transfer spectra of complexes.  
  6. Stability of metal complexes – Stepwise and overall stability constants – Factors  affecting  the  stability  of  metal  complexes  –  Chelate  effect. Pearson’s theory of hard         and soft acids and bases (HSAB).  
  7. Reaction mechanism  of metal  complexes–Inert  and  labile  complexes  – Ligand     substitution reaction of octahedral complexes – Acid hydrolysis, Base hydrolysis –         Conjugate base mechanism – Anation reactions – Substitution reactions of square         planar            complexes     –     Trans effect – Electron transfer reactions – Inner and outer sphere mechanisms.  
  8. Metal carbonyls, Nitrosyls and Metallocenes – Structure and bonding.  
  9. Bio-inorganic chemistry- Metal complexes as oxygen carriers-Hemoglobin and  myoglobin-Oxygen     transport    –    Non    heme    proteins    – Hemerythrin and hemocyanin.  
  10. 10. Analytical chemistry- Chromatography  –  General  principles  involved  in separations         by Paper, Thin layer, Column Chromatography,  GC and HPLC.

Physical Chemistry:

  1. 11. Solutions and  colligative   properties:   Types   of  solutions,   Expressing concentration of solutions mass percentage, volume percentage, mass by volume percentage, parts per million, mole fraction, molarity and molality, Solubility: Solubility of a solid in a      liquid, solubility of a gas in a liquid, Henry’s law, Vapour pressure of liquid solutions:    vapour     pressure     of liquid- liquid soluti Raoult’s law as a special case of Henry’s law          – vapour  pressure  of  solutions  of  solids  in  liquids,  Ideal  and  non-ideal solutions, Colligative   properties   and   determination   of   molar   mass   – Relative   lowering   of   vapour   pressure,   elevation   of   boiling   point, Depression of freezing point, Osmosis and  osmotic         pressure-reverse osmosis and water purification. Abnormal molar masses – van’t Hoff factor. Phase equilibria– Phase rule and its application to one component and two component systems  
  2. 12. Acids and bases: Acids, bases and salts- Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry and Lewis concepts of acids and Ionisation of Acids and Bases – Ionisation constant of water and it’s ionic product- pH scaleionisation constant of weak acids and weak bases-relation between Ka and Kb. Di and poly basic acids and di and poly acidic Bases-Factors affecting acid strength-Common ion   effect   in  the   ionization   of   acids   and   bases- Hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions. Buffer solutions.  
  1. 13. Thermodynamics:   Brief   review   of  concepts   of  I  and  II  laws   of thermodynam   Concept   of   entropy.   Entropy   as  a  state   function. Calculation of entropy changes in various processes. Entropy changes in an ideal gas. Entropy  changes  on mixing  of ideal gases.  Entropy  as a function of V and T. Entropy as a function of P and T. Entropy change in isolated  systems-  Clausius  inequality.  Entropy  change  as  criterion  for spontaneity and equilibrium.  Third law of thermodynamics.  Evaluation of absolute entropies from heat capacity data for solids, liquids and gases. Standard entropies and entropy changes of chemical reactions. Helmholtz and Gibbs free energies (A and G). A and G as criteria for equilibrium and spontaneity. Physical significance of A and G. Driving force for chemical reactions- relative signs of ?H and ?S. Thermodynamic  relations. Gibbs equations.  Maxwell  relations.  Temperature  dependence  of  G.  Gibbs- Helmholtz equation. Pressure dependence of G. Chemical potential: Gibbs equations   for   non-equilibrium   systems.   Material   equilibrium.   Phase equilibrium. Clapeyron  equation     and     Clausius-Clapeyron     equation. Conditions for equilibrium in a closed system. Chemical potential of ideal gases. Ideal-gas reaction equlibrium-derivation of  equilibrium      constant. Temperature dependence of equilibrium constant – The Van’t     hoff equation. measurements: Solubility       product,       potentiometric titrations, determination of      transport      numbers,      equilibrium constant 
  2. 14. Electrochemistry: Conductance and its applications, Derivation of Nernst equati Chemical     and    concentration     cells    (with    and    without transference). Liquid junction  potential – derivation of the expression for L J        P   –   its   determination    and   elimination.    Applications    of   EMF    measurements. Decomposition potential and its significance. Electrode polarization – its causes and   elimination.   Concentration   over   potential. Concept of activity and activity coefficients   in  electrolytic  solutions.  The mean   ionic   activity   coefficient.   Debye-Huckel   theory   of   electrolytic solutions. Debye-Huckel limiting law. Calculation of mean ionic activity coefficient.  Limitations  of Debye-Huckel  theory. Extended  Debye-Huckel law. Theory of electrolytic conductance. Derivation of Debye-Huckel- Onsager equation – its validity and limitations. Concept of ion association – Bjerrum theory of ion association      (elementary     treatment)     –     ion association constant – Debye-Huckel-Bjerrum equation.   
  3. 15. Quantum chemistry:     Black    body    radiation-Planck’s     concept    of quantization-Planck’s equation, average energy of an oscillator. Wave particle duality and uncertainty principle – significance for microscopic entit Emergence of quantum mechanics. Wave mechanics and Schrödinger wave equation. Operators – operator algebra: Commutation of operators, linear operators, Complex functions, Hermitian operators. Operators and. Eigen functions and Eigen values. Degeneracy. Linear combination  of Eigen functions  of an operator.  Well behaved  functions. Normalized and orthogonal functions. Postulates of quantum mechanics. Physical interpretation of wave function.   Observables and operators. Measurability of operators. Average values of observables. The time dependent  Schrodinger  equation.  Separation  of variables  and the time- independent Schrodinger equation.  
  4. 16. Chemical kinetics: Theories of reaction rates – Collision theory, Transition state theory, Reaction  coordinate,  activated  complex  and  the  transition Thermodynamic formulation of transition state theory. Unimolecular reactions and Lindeman’s theory.  
  5. 17. Photochemistry: Electronic transitions in molecules – The Franck Condon princip Electronically  excited   molecules-   singlet   and   triplet   states. Radiative life times of excited states-theoretical treatment. Measured lifetimes. Quantum yield and its determination.  Actinometry – ferrioxalate and uranyl oxalate actinometers. Derivation of fluorescence and phosphorescence  quantum  yields.  E-type  delayed  fluorescence- evaluation  of  triplet  energy  splitting  (?EST).  Laws  of  photo  chemistry, Photo   physical   processes,   photo   physical   kinetics   of   unimolecular reactions. Calculation of rate   constants     of    various     photo    physical processes,  State diagrams,  photochemical  primary  processes.  Types  of photochemical reactions- electron transfer, photo dissociation, addition, abstraction, oxidation and isomerisation reactions with examples. Effect of light intensity on the rates of photochemical reactions.  Photosensitization. Quenching-Stern  Volmer  equation.  Experimental  set  up  of  a photochemical  reaction. Introduction to fast reactions- Principles of flash photolysis.  
  6. 18. Solid state chemistry: General characteristics of solid state. Classification of crystalline  solids   based   on  different   binding   forces,   probing   the structure  of solids:  X-ray crystallography,  Crystal  lattices  and unit cel Bravais lattices- primitive and  centred unit cells, Number of atoms in a unit cell  (primitive,  body  centred  and  face  centred  cubic  unit  cell),  Close    packed structures: Close packing in one dimension, in two dimensions and in three dimensions- tetrahedral and octahedral voids- formula of a compound and number of voids filled- locating tetrahedral and octahedral voids, Packing efficiency in simple cubic, bcc and in hcp, ccp lattice. Calculations involving   unit   cell   dimensions   density   of   the   unit   cell. Imperfections in solids-types of point defects-stoichiometric      and      non- stoichiometric defects. Magnetic properties of solids- classification of magnetic   materials,   Magnetic   susceptibility,   Langevin   diamagnetism, Weiss   theory   of   para   magnetism.   Magnetic   properties   of   solids   – classification of  magnetic   materials,   Magnetic   susceptibility,   Langevin diamagnetism,  Weiss theory of para magnetism  Electronic  properties  of metals,  insulators  and  semi  conductors:  Electronic  structure  of  solids, Band theory, band structure of metals, insulators and semiconductors. Electrons holes and excitons. The temperature dependence of conductivity of extrinsic semi conductors. Photo conductivity and photovoltaic effect

Organic Chemistry: 

  1. 19. IUPAC nomenclature of organic molec Isomerism – classification of isomers. 
  2. 20. Classification, preparations and properties of alkane, alkenes, alkynes, cyclo alkanes, aromatic hydrocarbons, halogen compounds,  hydroxy compounds, carbonyl compounds, carboxylic acids and its derivative  
  3. 21. Stereo chemistry: Molecular representations (Wedge, Fisher, Newman and Saw-horse projection formula) their description and interconver Stereoisomers  – lassification-  configuration-  R,S- Nomenclature,  criteria for chirality, Axial chirality of allenes, spiranes, alkylidenes, Cycloalkanes, chiral biaryls – Atropisomerism. Planar chirality of ansa compounds and trans- cyclooctene. Helical chiral compounds.   Determination           of          absolute configuration by chemical correlation methods. Determination of configuration in E,Z- nomenclature. Spectral and chemical methods for determination of E, Zconfiguration, including aldoxime and ketoximes. 
  4. 22. Introduction to conformational  isomerism,  Klyne  –  Prelog  terminology  for conformers and torsion angles, dihedral angle, Steric strain and the concept of dynamic  stereoisomerism.  Study of conformations  of acyclic compounds like ethane, butane, dihalobutanes,  halohydrin, ethylene glycol, butane-2, 3- diol, amino alcohols and 1,1,2,2-tetrahalobutan 
  5. 23. Nature of bonding in organic molecules and aromaticity, delocalized chemical bonding, conjugation, cross conjugation, resonance, hyperconjugation, tautomerism, Huckel’s Rule and the concept of aromaticity-Aromaticity, non- aromaticity and anti aromaticity. 
  6. 24. Reactive intermediate: Generation, detection, structure, stability and reactivity of carbocation, carbanion, free radical, carbene and nitrene. Molecular rearrangements: definition and classification, molecular rearrangements involving 1).   Electron   deficient   carbon:   Wagner   –   Meerwein,   Pinacol- Pinacolone,  allylic and Wolf rearrangement.  2). Electron  deficient  Nitrogen: Hofmann,   Lossen,  Curtius,  Schmidt  and  Beckmann   rearrangement   3) Electron  deficient  Oxygen:  Baeyer-Villiger   oxidation.   4).  Base  catalysed    rearrangements:  Benzylic  acid,  Favourski,  Tran  annular,  Sommlett-Hauser and Smile rearrangement.   
  7. 25. Organic reaction mechanism: Mechanism, stereochemistry and energy profile diagram of   Addition   reactions   to  polar   and   non   polar   double   bon Substitution reactions: Mechanism, rate law, stereochemistry and factors affecting   on   aliphatic   and   aromatic   reactions.   Elimination    reactions- mechanism, rate law, stereochemistry, orientation and factors affecting on E1, E2,   E1CB,   pyrolytic   syn   elimination   and   a-elimination,   elimination   vs substitution.  Detection  of reaction  mechanism  by product  isolation,  isotopic labelling, chemical trapping and crossover experiments.  
  8. 26. Oxidation- Swern, Cr (VI) oxidants, Oxidative cleavage of 1,2-diols – Periodic acid and Lead tetra acetate. Reductions – Wilkinsons’s catalytic hydrogenation, LiAlH4, NaBH4, BH3, AlH3 and DIBAL.   
  9. 27. Heterocyclic chemistry: importance  as  drugs,  nomenclature,  classification based on size of the ring, number and nature of hetero atom Synthesis and reactivity of Pyrrole, furan, Thiophene, pyridine, Indole, Benzothiophene, Quinoline, Isoqunolines.  
  10. 28. Alkaloids and Terpenoids- importance as drugs, isolation of natural products by steam distillation, solvent extraction and chemical methods. Structure determination and synthesis of papverine, nicotine and quinine. General methods in the structure determination  of Terpenes,  isoprene  rule, special isoprene rule, structure determination of a-Terpeniol and camphor.  
  11. 29. Organic photochemistry:   photochemical   energy,   Frank-Condon   principle, Jablonski diagram, Electronic transitions, photosensitization, quenching, quantum efficiency, quantum  yield,  photochemistry  of  carbonyl  compounds n?p* and p?p* transiti  Norrish   type-I   and   Norrish   type-II   cleavages. Paterno-Buchi  reactions,  Photoreduction,  photochemistry  of  enones- hydrogen abstraction, rearrangements of a,ß-unsaturated ketones and cyclohexadienones, photochemistry of pbenzoquinones, Dienes – photochemistry  of  1,3-  butadiene,  (2+2)  additions,  Di-p-methane rearrangement, photochemistry of aromatic compounds, excited states of benzene and its 1,2-, 1,4- additions.  
  12. 30. Pericyclic reactions: Classification,  Stereochemistry  of  pericyclic  reactions, Molecular   Orbitals   and   Symmetry   of   ethelene,   1,3-butadiene,    1,3,5- hexatriene, allylic, 1,3-pentadienyl and 1,3,5-heptatrienyl p- system Analysis of pericyclic reactions by PMO, FMO and orbital correlation methods.  
  13. 31. Basic principles,   concepts   of   UV,   IR,   H1NMR,   C13NMR   and   Mass spectroscopic  methods  – structure  determination  of organic  compounds  by UV, IR, H1NMR, C13NMR and Mass spectroscopic met  
  14. 32. Green chemistry: Principles of Green chemistry, and its approache

Main Examination Syllabus for the post of Junior Lecturer in Residential Educational Institution Societies
Paper – II: Botany

I          Phycology, Mycology, Bacteria and Viruses

Phycology   :   Thallus   organization   ;   cell   ultra   structure   ;   reproduction (vegetative,  sexual, asexual) ; criteria for classification  of algae : pigments, reserve food, flagella ; classification, salient features of Chlorophyta, Charophyta,  Xanthophyta,  Bacillariophyta,  Phaeophyta  and  Rhodophyta  ; algal blooms and toxic algae, algal biofertilizers ; algae as food and feed and role of algae in industry.

Mycology : General characters of fungi ; substrate relationship in fungi ; cell ultrastructure ; unicellular and multicellular organization ; cell wall composition ; nutrition (saprobic, biotropic, symbiotic) ; reproduction (vegetative, asexual, sexual) ; heterothallism ; heterokaryosis parasexuality ; Molecular aspects in classification. General account of Mastigomycotina, Zygomycotina, Ascomycotina, Basidiomycotina, Deuteromycotina ; fungi in industry, medicine and as food ; fungal  diseases  in plants  and  humans  ;  Mycorrhizae  ; fungi  as biocontrol agents. Bacteria- ultrastructure and biochemistry of cell wall, nutritional types, reproduction, Plasmids.

Viruses- Characters and ultrastructure of virions and symptomatology and transmission of plant viruses.  Mollicuties general characters of spiroplasmas and phytoplasmas  Importance  of micro organisms:    Microbes  in medicine, agriculture and environment.

II Bryophyta, Pteridophyta and Gymnosperms

Bryophyta : Morphology, structure, reproduction and life history ; distribution ; classification.,  of  Marchantiales,  Junger  maniales,  Anthoceratales, Sphagnales,  Funariales  and Polytrcales  ; economic  and ecological importance.

Pteridophyta : Morphology, anatomy and reproduction ; classification of Psilo psida,   Lycopsida,   Sphenopsida   and   Pteropsida;   evolution   of   stele   ; heterospory and origin of seed habit; general account of fossil pteriodophyts. Gymnosperms- Introduction and classification, Structure and reproduction of Cycadales,  Ginkgoales,  Coniferales,  Ephedrales,  Welwitschiales  and Gnetales.

III Taxonomy of Angiosperms

The species concept: Taxonomic hierarchy, species, genus, family and other categories; principles used in assessing relationship, delimitation of taxa and attribution of rank. Salient features of the International Code of Botanical nomenclature.

Taxonomic  tools: Herbarium;  floras; histological,  cytological,  phytochemical, serological, biochemicaland molecular techniques ; computers and GIS. Systems of angiosperm classification : Phenetic versus phylogenetic systems ; cladistics  in taxonomy ; relative merits and demerits  of major systems  of classification.

Study of the following families- Magnoliaceae, Malvaceae, Rutaceae, Apocynaceae, Asclepiadaceae, Lamiaceae, Amaranthaceae and Poaceae.

IV Plant Anatomy and Embryology

Shoot development: Organization of the shoot apical meristem (SAM); control of cell division and cell to cell communication; control of tissue differentiation especially xylem and phloem ; secretory ducts and laticifers. Phyllotaxy and leaf differentiation

Root  development  : Organization  of  root  apical  meristem  (RAM);  vascular tissue differentiation; homeotic mutants in Arabidopsis and Antirrhinum,

Male gametophyte: Structure of anthers; microsporogenesis, role of tapetum; pollen development  and gene expression;  male sterility; sperm dimorphism and  hybrid  seed  production;  pollen  germination,  pollen  tube  growth  and guidance ; pollen storage ; pollen allergy, pollen embryos.

Female  gametophyte:  Ovule development;  megasporogenesis;  organization of the embryo sac, structure of the embryo sac cells.

Pollination,  pollen – pistil interaction and fertilization : Floral characteristics, pollination mechanisms and vectors; self-incompatibility; double fertilization.

Seed development  and fruit growth:  Endosperm  development  during  early, maturation and desiccation stages; embryogenesis,  cell lineages during late embryo development; storage proteins of endosperm and embryo; polyembryony; apomixes; embryo culture; fruit maturation.

Dormancy: Seed dormancy; overcoming seed dormancy; bud dormancy.

V Plant Resource Utilisation and Conservation

Origin, evolution, botany, cultivation and uses of (i) Food forage and fodder crops (ii) fibre crops (iii) medicinal and aromatic plants and (iv) vegetable oil- yielding crops. Ethnobotany – Scope and objectives of ethnobotany.

Important fire-wood and timber – yielding plants and non-wood forest products (NWFPs) such as bamboos, rattans, raw materials for paper-making,  gums, tannins, dyes, resins and fruits.

Role of plants in Medicine- morphology, active principles and medicinal value of the following plants-Andrographis, Asparagus, Phyllanthus, Gymnema..

Strategies for conservation  – in situ conservation  : International  efforts and Indian initiatives ; protected areas in India – sanctuaries, national parks, biosphere reserves, wetlands, mangroves and coral reefs for conservation of wild biodiversity.

Strategies for conservation – ex situ conservation : Principles and practices; botanical   gardens,  field  gene  banks,  seed  banks,  in  vitro  repositories, cryobanks; general account of the activities of Botanical Survey of India (BSI),

National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (NBPGR), Indian Council of Agricultural  Research  (ICAR),  Council  of Scientific  and Industrial  Research (CSIR)  and the Department  of Biotechnology  (DBT) for conservation,  non- formal conservation efforts.

VI Plant Ecology

Climate, soil and vegetation patterns of the world: Life zones; major biomes and major vegetation and sol types of the world.Vegetation organization: Concepts of community; analytical and synthetic characters of community.

Population   characters,   interactions   of   species-   positive   and   negative interactions of species. Ecological  succession:  types,  changes  involved  in  succession,  concept  of climax Biotic and abiotic interactions, habitat and niche, allopatric and sympatric spaciation.

Ecosystem organization: Structure and functions; primary production methods of   measurement    of   primary   production,   ;   energy   dynamics   (trophic organization,  energy  flow  Pathways,  ecological  efficiencies);  food  chains, wood web and ecological pyramids, global biogeochemical cycles of C,N, in terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.

Biological diversity: Concept and levels; speciation and extinction; IUCN categories  of threat;  distribution  and global  patterns,  hot spots;  endemism, inventory.

Air,   water   and   soil   pollution:   Kinds,   sources,   effects   on   plants   and ecosystems. Climate change: Green house gases (CO2, CH4, N2O, CFCs: sources, trends and role); ozone layer and ozone depletion ; consequences of climate change (CO2 fertilization, global warming, sea level rise, UV radiation).

Biogeographical zones of India, Flora of Telangana – vegetational types.

VII Cell Biology

Ultrastructure  and functions of cell organelles. Cell wall, Plasma membrane Plasmodesmata, Chloroplast, Mitochondria, Plant Vacuoles, Nucleus, Ribosomes,

Cell  cycle  and  apoptosis  : Control  mechanisms;  role  of cyclins  and cyclin dependent  kinases;  retinoblastoma  and  E2F  proteins;  cytokinesis  and  cell plate formation; mechanisms of programmed cell death. Mitosis and meiosis its significance

Other cellular organelles: Structure and functions of microbodies, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, endo plasmic reticulum.

VIII Cytogenetics

Chromatin organization : Chromosome structure and Packaging of DNA, molecular organization of centromere and telomere; nucleolus and ribosomal RNA genes ; euchromatin and heterochromatin ; karyotype analysis ; banding

patterns ; specialized types of chromosomes ; polytene, lampbrush, Bchromosomes  and  sex  chromosomes  ;  molecular  basis  of  chromosome pairing.

Structural and numerical alterations in chromosomes : Duplication, deficiency, inversion  and  translocation  ;  autopolyploids  ;  allopolyploids ;  evolution  of major crop plants.

Genetics of prokaryotes and eukaryotic organelles : genetic recombination in phage  ; genetic  transformation,  conjugation  and  transduction  in  bacteria  ; genetics of mitochondria and chloroplasts cytoplasmic male sterility.

Gene structure  and expression  : Genetic  fine structure  ; cis – trans test ; Benzer’s experiment; introns and their significance ; RNA splicing ; regulation of gene expression in prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

Mutations : Spontaneous and induced mutations ; physical and chemical mutagens  ; molecular  basis  of gene  mutations  ; transposable  elements  in prokaryotes  and  eukaryotes  ; mutations  induced  transposons;  site-directed mutagenesis ; DNA damage and repair mechanisms.

Plant Breeding : Principles and methods of plant breeding ; Marker assisted breeding.

IX Plant Physiology

Fundamentals of enzymology : General aspects, allosteric mechanism, regulatory and active sites, isoenzymes, kinetics of enzymatic catalysis, Michaelis – Menton equation and its significance.

Membrane transport and translocation of water and solutes : Plant water relations,  mechanism  of water transport  through  xylem, passive  and active solute transport, membrane transport proteins.

Photochemistry and photosynthesis : Photosynthetic pigments and light harvesting complexes, photo oxidation of water, mechanisms of electron and proton transport, carbon assimilation – the Calvin cycle, photorespiration and its significance, the C4 cycle, the CAM pathway, biosynthesis of starch and sucrose.

Respiration   and  lipid  metabolism   :  Glycolysis,   the  TCA  cycle,  electron transport and ATP synthesis, pentose phosphate pathway, glyoxylate cycle, alternative oxidase system, structure and function of lipids, fatty acid biosynthesis, synthesis of membrane lipids, structural lipids and storage lipids and their catabolism.

Nitrogen   fixation   and   metabolism   :  Biological   nitrogen   fixation,   nodule formation and nod factors, mechanism of nitrate uptake and reduction, ammonium assimilation.

Photobiology : Photochromes and cryptochromes, photophysiology of light –induce responses, cellular localization. Plant growth regulators and elicitors : Physiological effects and mechanism of action of auxins, gibberellins, cytokinins, ethylene, abscisic acid, brassinosteroids, polymines, jasmonic acid and salicyclic acid.

The flowering process : Photoperiodism, endogenous clock and its regulation, floral induction  and development  – genetic  and molecular  analysis,  role of vernalization.

X Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering

Plant Biotechnology – Principles, scope and applications.Plant cell  and  tissue culture:   General   introduction,   scope,   cellular differentiation, and totipotency. Organogenesis and adventives embryogenesis : Morphogenesis; somatic embryogenesis. Somatic hybridization :  Protoplast   isolation,   fusion  and culture.Applications of plant tissue culture : Clonal propagation, artificial seed, production of hybrids and soma clones, production of secondary metabolites / natural products, cryopreservation and germplasm storage. Recombinant DNA technology : Gene cloning principles and techniques, genomic   /   c   DNA   libraries,   vectors,   DNA   synthesis   and   sequencing, polymerase chain reaction, DNA fingerprinting and DNA markers. Genetic engineering of plants : Transgenic plants, Methods of gene transfer – Agrobacterium  – medicated  and  microprojectile,  chloroplast  transformation, intellectual property rights, ecological risks and ethical concerns.

Main Examination Syllabus for the post of Junior Lecturer in Residential Educational Institution Societies
Paper – II: Zoology

I .General Concepts:

  1. Levels of structural organization: Unicellular, Multi cellular and Colonial forms, Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cells, Levels of organization of Tissues, Organs & Systems.  
  2. Acoelomata,  Pseudocoelomata,       Coelomata,       Proterostomia       and Deuterostomia.   
  3. Concepts of species and Hierarchial taxa, Biological nomenclature, Classical methods of taxonomy of animals.

II .Non-Chordata:

  1. General characters and classification of invertebrates up to class level. 
  2. Protozoa – Locomotion,  Nutrition  and Reproduction  in Protozoa,  Protozoan diseases of man – Amoebiasis, Malaria, Trypanosomiasis. 
  3. Porifera – Canal  system  in  Porifera,  Skeleton  in  Porifera,  Reproduction in sponges. 
  4. Coelenterata – Polymorphism, Metagenesis, Coral formation, Obelia. 
  5. Helminthes – Common Helminthic parasites of Man –Fasciola hepatica, Schistosoma, Taenia solium, Echinococus granulosus, Ascaris, Ancylostoma, Trichinella –  their   life  cycles,   Pathogenescity   and  clinical   significance. Parasitic adaptations in Helminths.  
  6. Annelida – Excretory system in Annelida, Coelom formation. Coelom and coelomoducts, Metamerism. 
  7. Arthropoda – Mouthparts of insects, Ommatidium, Useful and harmful insects, Metamorphosis in  insects,  Apicultur  and  Sericulture  in  India,  Crustacean larvae, Peripatus. 
  8. Mollusca – Torsion and Detorsion, Pearl formation. 
  9. Echinodermata – Echinoderm larvae, Water vascular system.

III. Chordata:

  1. General characters and classification of chordates up to class level, Origin of chordates, Phylogeny and Affinities of Hemichordata, Retrogressive metamorphosis. 
  2. Vertebrate integument and its derivatives, Comparative account of Digestive, Respiratory, Circulatory, Excretory and Reproductive systems of vertebrates. 
  3. Pisciculture in India, Common edible fishes. 
  4. Origin and evolution of Amphibia, Neoteny or Paedogenesis. 
  5. Important snakes  of India,  Identification  of Poisonous  and non-  Poisonous Snakes, Poisonous Apparatus, Dinosaurs.
  6. Flight adaptations and Migration in birds. Archeopteryx, Poultry.
  7. Adaptive radiation in Mammals, Dentition in Mammals.        
IV      1.

Cell Biology:   Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic cell, Plasma membrane-Ultra structure & function.
 2.Structure and function of intracellular organelles- Mitochondria, Golgi bodies, Lysosomes, Endoplasmic reticulum, Peroxisomes, Vacuoles, Nucleus.
 3.Chromosomes structure & function; Heterochromatin, Euchromatin.
 4.Cell division – Mitosis and meiosis, Cell cycle & its regulation.
 5.Recombinant DNA technology, Transgenesis & Cloning.
 6.Protein synthesis – Genetic code, Initiation, Elongation and Termination.
 7.Regulation of gene expression – Lac operon.
V      1.

Genetics:   Mendel’s law of inheritance.
 2.Gene mapping methods – Linkage-complete and Incomplete linkage, Linkage maps, Recombination, Mapping with molecular markers, somatic cell hybrids.
 3.Crossing  over  – Types  (Somatic  or  Mitotic  crossing  over  and  Germinal  or   Meiotic crossing over).
 4.Mutations – Types (Spontaneous and Induced), Causes and detection.
 5.Chromosomal aberrations (Deletion, Duplication, Inversion and Translocation, Ploidy  and  their  genetic  implications);   Autosomal  abnormalities   (Down’s
  syndrome,  Trisomy-13,  18); Sex anamolies  (Turner’s  syndrome,  Klinfelter’s   syndrome, Hermaphroditism).
 6.Human genetics – Human karyotyping, Genetic disorders due to mutant genes (Huntington’s  chorea),  Sickle-cell  anaemia  (SCA),  Inborn  errors  of metabolism-Pheynylketonuria, Alkaptonuria .
VI      1. System and Cell physiology:   Blood  and  circulation  – Blood  corpuscles,  Haemopoiesis,  Plasma  function, Blood groups, Haemoglobin, Haemostasis.
 2.Cardiovascular system – Neurogenic, Myogenic heart, Cardiac cycle.
 3.Respiratory system – Transport of gases, Exchange of gases.
 4.Nervous   system   –   Neuron,   Conduction    of   nerve   impulse,   Synaptic transmission, Neurotransmitters.
 5.Muscle – Ultra structure of skeletal muscle, Mechanism of muscle contraction.
 6.Sense organs – Eye and Ear.
 7.Excretory system – Structure & function of mammalian Kidney and Nephron, Micturition.
 8.Osmoregulation – Osmoregulation in Aquatic & Terrestial animals.
 9.Digestive system – Digestion, absorption, assimilation and egestion.
Endocrinology and Reproduction – Endocrine glands, Types of hormones & Mechanism of hormonal action, Hormonal regulation of reproduction in mamma 
  1. Outline classification of  organic  compounds  (Carbohydrates,  Proteins  and Lipids).
  2. 12. Glycolysis (EMP), Kreb’s  cycle  (TCA  CYCLE),  Electron  transport  system
  3. (Oxidative phosphorylation), Pentose phosphate pathway, Gluconeogenesis.

VII      Evolution:

  1. Origin of  life  – Theories  and  Evidences  of  organic  evolution,  The  modern synthetic theory. 
  2. Population genetics – (Gene pool, Gene frequency), Herdy weinberg’s law. 
  3. Isolation and speciation. 
  4. Evolution of Man. 
  5. Zoogeographical realms of the world.

VIII Developmental Biology:

  1. Spermatogenesis and Oogenesis. 
  2. Fertilization, Cleavage,    Gastrulation,    Formation    of   germ   layers, Parthenogenesis. 
  3. Formation and Function of Foetal membranes. 
  4. Types of placenta. 
  5. Development of Frog and Chick.

IX       Histology:

  1. Histology of mammalian  tissues and organs – Epithelial,  connective,  blood, bone, cartilage,  skin, stomach,  intestine,  liver, pancreas,  kidney,  testis and ovary.

X        Ecology:

  1. Concepts of Ecosystem. 
  2. Biogeochemical cycles (Carbon, Nitrogen and Phosphorous). 
  3. Influence of  environmental  factors  on  animals,  Energy  flow  in Ecosystem, Food chains, Food web and Tropic levels. 
  4. Animal Associations (Neutralism, Mutualism, Symbiosis, Commensalism, Parasitism, Predation and Competition). 
  5. Ecological succession. 
  6. Environmental pollution- Air, water, land, noise, radioactive, thermal, Effects of pollution on ecosystem, Prevention of pollution. 
  7. Wildlife in India- Conservation, Chipco movement. 
  8. Biodiversity- Economic significance, Conservation, Hot spots of India.

XI       Immunology:

  1. Cells of the immune system- Lymphoid cells, Mono nuclear cells, Granulocytic cells, Mast cells. 
  2. Organs of  the  immune  system-  Primary  and  Secondary  lymphoid  organs, Lymphatic system. 
  3. Antigens- Antigenic determinants or Epitopes, Immunogenicity, Haptens. 
  4. Humoral immunity – Immunoglobulin  (Fine structure  of immunoglobulin  and Immunoglobulin classes).   
  5. Innate (Non-specific immunity)  – Anatomical barriers, Phagocytosis,  Natural killer cells (NK cells), Interferons.  
  6. Cell mediated immunity – Mechanism of cell mediated immunity.

Main Examination Syllabus for the post of Junior Lecturer in

Residential Educational Institution Societies
Paper – II: History

I      1. Ancient India:   Definition of History, Scope, Nature, Sources.
 2.Pre and Proto History – Stone ages and Chalcolithic Cultures.
 3.Harappan Civilization – Characteristic features, Major cities – Socio-Economic conditions, Harappan Script, Religious practices –Decline.
 4.Iron Age –Aryan Migrations – Second Urbanization.
 5.India  in  6th  Century  BC;  Early  States,  Sixteen  Mahajanapadas,  Rise  and Growth of Magadha – Society, Economy – Jainism, Buddhism, Ajivikas and Lokayatas.
 6.Mouryan    Age:   Chandragupta    Mourya    and   Ashoka,    Mouryan    Polity, Administration, Dhamma, Socio-Economic conditions – Decline.
 7.Satavahana  Age;  Political  History,  Administration,  Society,  Economy  and   Culture.
 8.Gupta  Age:  Political   History,  Administration,   Socio-Economic   conditions, Growth of Culture, Arts and Architecture, Literature – Decline.
 9.India   in   the   Seventh   Century   A.D.;   Pushyabhutis   (Harsha),   Pallavas, Chalukyas  and  Rashtrakutas   –  Political  History,  Society,  Economy  and Culture.
II Medieval India:

10.India between 650 A.D. to 1200 A.D.- Rajputs, Arab and Turkish Invasions -Later Pallavas, Chalukya, Chola Art, Architecture and Chola Administration – Society, Economy and Culture.
11.Age   of   Delhi   Sultanate   1206   A.D.   -1526   A.D.   –   Political   History, Administration,    Changes   in   Society   and   Economy-   Bhakti   and   Sufi Movem 
12.Age of Vijayanagara – Origin, Political History, Krishnadevaraya, Socio- Economic Conditions, Culture, Art, Architecture, Decline – Bahaman 
13.Moghul Age (1526-1707) – Political History, Shershah, Akbar, Administration, Society, Economy, Culture- Decline – Marathas, Shivaj

III. Modern India

14.Establishment of British Power in India –Early Resistance – Hyder Ali, Tippu Sultan.
15.British paramountcy in India-Policies of Governor Generals, Impact of British Policy on Indian Agriculture and Economy.
16.Socio – Religious Reforms Movements –Brahmo Samaj –Arya Samaj, Satyashodhak Samaj and other
17.1857 Revolt; causes, results and significan 
18.Rise and  Growth  of  Indian  National  Movement  –Nationalist Movement  I Phase from 1885 A.D. -1905 A.D. – Indian National Congress; Moderates, Extremists and Early Revolutionaries  II phase at 1905-1920 – Vande Mataram Movement  Home  Rule  –  Role  of  Tilak  and  Anie Beasant- Later  phase  of Revolutionary  Moveme  III  Phase  1920-1947  -Non  Co-operation  Movement, Emergence   of   Gandhi,   Civil   Disobedience,   Salt  Satyagraha,   Quit   India Movement- Subhash Chandra Bose – Constitutional Reforms- Dr.B.R.Ambedkar – Declaration of Independence – Role of Women in Indian National Movement.

IV .Modern World:

19.Industrial Revolution- Significance and Results. 
20.American War of Independence – Causes, Results, Significanc 
21.French Revolution – Causes, Effects, Significance 
22.National Liberation Movements in Italy and Germany in the 19th Century – Mazzini, Cavour, Garibaldi, Bismar 
23.World War-I – Causes and Effects – League of Nation 
24.The Russian Revolution of 1917 – Causes, Results and Significanc 
25.The world between the Two World Wars – Nazism in Germany, Fascism in Italy, Turkey under Mustafa Kamal Pasha.
26.Developments in China 1911-1949 – Nationalist Revolution of 1911 – Communist Revolution of 1948 
27.World War-II – Causes and Effects – United Nations Organis

V.History of Telangana
28.Pre History
29.Pre-Satavahana, Satavahana,  Post-Satavahana  –  Ikshvakus,  Vakatakas, Abiras and Vishnukund
30.Telangana from 7th Century to 11th Century- Chalukyas of Badami, Vemulavada, Mudigonda and Kalyan 
31.Age of Kakatiya’s; Origin, Political History, Administration, Socio Economic, Religious conditions, Art and Architecture  and Literature and their Subordin
32.Padma Nayaka’s and Musunoori. 
33.Qutubshahis – Administration, Religion, Art, Architecture and Literatur 
34.Asafjahis –   Administration,    Economy,    Culture    and    Society,    British Paramountcy on Hyderabad Stat   Freedom Movement in Telangana, Telangana Armed Struggle.

Main Examination Syllabus for the post of Junior Lecturer in Residential Educational Institution Societies
Paper – II: Economics

1.Micro Economics :Demand Analysis :Definitions,  Nature and Scope of Economics  – Micro and Macro Economic Analyses – Concepts of Demand and Law of Demand – Determinants  and Types  of  Demand  – Demand  Function  – Concepts  of Supply  and  Law  of Supply – Market Equilibrium – Elasticity of Demand : Concept and Types – Measurement Methods of Price Elasticity of Demand
2.Utility Analysis: Cardinal and Ordinal Utility Approaches – Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility– Law of Equi-Marginal Utility – Consumer Surplus – Indifference Curve Analysis: Consumer’s Equilibrium –Derivation of Demand Curve with the help of Indifference Curves – Price, Income and Substitution Effects – Revealed Preference Theory
3.Production Analysis: Production, Production Function and Factors of Production – Law of Variable Proportions – Isoquant, Isocost Curves and Producer’s Equilibrium – Laws of Returns to Scale – Economies of Scale – Cost Analysis: Cost Curves in Short Run and Long Run – Revenue Analysis – Relationship among Average Revenue, Marginal Revenue and Elasticity of Demand
4.Market Structure Analysis: Concepts   of  Firm,  Industry   and  Market   –  Classification   of  Markets   – Objectives of the Firm – Equilibrium of a Firm – Shut-Down Point – Perfect Competition: Concept, Characteristics, Equilibrium of Firm and Industry – Optimum Firm – Monopoly: Concept, Types, Characteristics and Equilibrium of the Firm – Price Discrimination – Monopolistic Competition: Concept, Characteristics and Equilibrium of the Firm
5.Oligopoly, Duopoly and Factor Pricing Analysis Oligopoly: Concept, Characteristics and Price Rigidity – Kinky Demand Curve– Duopoly:  Concept   and  Characteristics   –  Cournot   Model   –  Marginal Productivity Theory  of Distribution  – Distribution  Theories  of Rent, Wages, Profit and Interest

 II. Macro Economics 

1.National Income Analysis Concept, Nature & Scope and Importance of Macro Economics – Concept of Circular Flow of Incomes – National Income Analysis: Concepts and Components – Methods of Measurement of National Income – Importance of and Difficulties in the Estimation of National Income – Limitations of National Income as a Measure of Welfare
2.Theories of Income and Employment: Classical Theory of Employment: Say’s Law of Markets and Pigou’s Wage Cut Policy – Keynesian  Theory of Income and Employment:  Effective Demand, Aggregate Demand Function and Aggregate Supply Function – Consumption Function – Factors Determining Consumption Function – Savings Function – Concepts of Multiplier, Accelerator and Super-Multiplier
3.Theories of Investment and Interest Rate: Capital and Investment – Types and Determinants of Investment – Marginal Efficiency  of Capital – Classical,  Neo-Classical  and Keynesian  Theories  of Interest – Simultaneous  Determination  of Interest and Real Income through IS-LM Framework
4.Supply of Money and Demand for Money Meaning, Functions and Classification of Money – Meaning and Measures of Money Supply – Demand for Money – Classical Theories of Money: Fisher’s and Cambridge Versions of Quantity Theory of Money – Keynesian and Milton Friedman Approaches to Demand for Money
5.Inflation and Trade Cycles Inflation: Concept, Types, Causes and Measurements – Effects of Inflation – Measures  to Control  Inflation  – Phillips  Curve,  Deflation  and Stagflation  – Trade   Cycles:   Concept,   Nature   and  Causes   –  Phases   and  Remedial Measures of Trade Cycles

III. Public Finance

1.Introduction to Public Finance: Role of State in Economic  Activities,  Planning  and Development  – Nature, Scope and Evolution of Public Finance – Public, Private and Merit Goods – Multiple   Theory   of   Public  Household   –   Principle   of   Maximum   Social Advantage
2.Public Revenue and Taxation: Public  Revenue:  Sources  and Classification  – Direct  and Indirect  Taxes  – Progressive, Proportional and Regressive Taxes – Canons of Taxation – Characteristics of a Good Tax System – Impact and Incidence of Taxation – Effects of Taxation
3.Public Expenditure and Public Debt: Public Expenditure: Classification and Principles – Determinants of Public Expenditure   –  Theories   of   Public   Expenditure:   Wagner   and   Peacock- Wiseman – Effects of Public Expenditure – Public Debt: Nature, Sources and Classification – Effects and Redemption of Public Debt – Debt Trap
4.Fiscal Policy and Federal Finance: Fiscal Policy: Concept, Objectives  and Tools – Fiscal Policy and Monetary Policy  – Federal  Finance:  Concept  and  Features  – Centre-State  Financial Relations – Transfer of Resources from Centre to State and Local Bodies –Functions   of   Finance   Commission   –  Current   Finance   Commission’s Recommendations
5.Budget: Concepts, Classification and Types – Revenue Account and Capital Account –Budget Deficits: Concepts, Types and Implications – Fiscal Responsibility and Budget Management (FRBM) –Budgeting in India

IV. International Economics

1.Theories of International Trade:International  Trade,  Inter-Regional  Trade and Inter-Industry  Trade  – Gains from Trade – Trade as an Engine of Economic Growth – Role of International Trade in Economic Development  – Classical and Neo-Classical  Theories of International Trade –Heckscher-Ohlin Theory of International Trade
2.Terms of Trade and Barriers to Trade: Concepts of Terms of Trade – Factors Affecting Terms of Trade – Uses and Limitations of Terms of Trade – Secular Deterioration Hypothesis of Terms of Trade: Singer and Prebish – Tariffs, Quotas and Subsidies: Their Effects – Impact of Tariffs on Partial and General Equilibrium Analyses – Political Economy of Non-Tariff Barriers and Their Implications
3.Balance of Payments: Concepts of Balance of Trade and Balance of Payments – Factors Affecting Balance of Trade – Differences  Between Balance of Trade and Balance of Payments – Components of Balance of Payments –Equilibrium and Disequilibrium  in Balance of Payments – Types of Disequilibrium  – Causes and Consequences of Disequilibrium in Balance of Payments – Remedial Measures  for  Correcting  Disequilibrium  in  Balance  of  Payments  – Recent Trends in India’s Balance of Payments
4.Exchange Rates: Foreign Exchange Market – Exchange Rates: Concept and Types – Relative Merits  and Demerits  of Fixed  and Flexible  Exchange Rates  – Theories  of Exchange  Rates  Determination:  Mint  Parity  and  Purchasing  Power  Parity (PPP) – An Overview of Different Methods of Exchange Rate Determination in India
5.International Monetary System and International Finance Lending  Operations  of International  Financial  Institutions:  IMF, World Bank (IBRD), IDA, IFC, ADB and BRICS – Euro-Dollar and Euro-Currency Markets– International Trade Institutions: GATT and WTO – Impact of WTO on Indian Economy 

V. Economics of Development and Growth 

1.Socio-Economic and Institutional Aspects of Economic Development Concepts of Economic Growth, Development and Underdevelopment – Distinction Between Growth and Development – Objectives of Economic Development – Sustainable Development and Inclusive Growth – Indicators of Economic Development

2.Factors of Economic Development: Factors Hindering Economic Development – Factors Promoting Economic Development   –   Population   and   Economic   Development   –   Population Explosion  –  Theories  of  Demographic  Transition  –  Malthusian  Population Theory – Optimum Theory of Population – Natural Resources and Economic Development

3.Theories of Growth and Development:Classical Theories of Economic Growth: Adam Smith, Ricardo and J. S. Mill – Karl Marx Theory of Economic Development – Schumpeter’s Theory of Economic Development – Rostow’s Theory of Economic Growth

4.Strategies of Economic Development and Growth: Big Push Theory – Balanced Growth Strategies of Rodan, Nurkse and Lewis– Unbalanced Growth Strategy of Hirschman – Critical Minimum Effort Thesis– Low Level Equilibrium Trap – Theories of Social and Technological Dualism
5.Growth Models Harrod-Domar Growth  Model – Kaldor’s Growth  Model – Joan Robinson’s  Growth Model – Gunnar Myrdal’s  Model – Choice of Techniques:  AK Sen – Technical Progress: Hick and Harrod 

V Indian Economy 

1.Basic Structure and Demographic Features of Indian Economy: Basic Features of Indian Economy: Growth, Trends and Structural Changes in Indian Economy – Demographic Features of Indian Population – Size, Growth and Composition of Population and Their Implications on Indian Economy – Sectoral  and  Occupational  Distribution  of  Population  in India –  Population Policy  of India  – Human  Resource  Development:  Education  and Health  – Human Development Index

2.National Income, Income Inequalities, Poverty and Unemployment: Estimation of National Income in India – Trends and Composition of National Income in India – Income Inequalities in India: Magnitude, Causes, Consequences and Remedial Measures – Poverty in India: Concept, Types, Trends,  Causes  and  Consequences  –  Unemployment  in  India:  Concept, Types, Trends, Causes, and Consequences – Poverty Alleviation and Employment Generation Programmes in India

3.Planning and Public Policy: Concept, Types, and Importance of Planning – Major Objectives of Five Year Plans in India – Review of Five Year Plans: Achievements  and Failures – Current  Five Year Plan – NITI Aayog  – Economic  Reforms:  Liberalisation, Privatisation, and Globalisation – A Critical Evaluation of Economic Reforms – Regional Imbalances – Rural-Urban Disparities: Migration

4.Agricultural Sector: Nature  and  Importance  of  Agriculture  in  Indian  Economic  Development  – Trends  in Agricultural  Production  and Productivity  – Agricultural  System  in India and Land Reforms – Green Revolution – Cropping Pattern – Agricultural Finance and Rural Indebtedness – Agricultural Marketing – Agricultural Pricing – Food Security in India

5.Industrial and Service Sectors: Structure, Growth, Trends and Importance of Indian Industry – Problems of Indian  Industry  –  Medium,  Small  Scale  and  Micro  Enterprises  (MSME): Growth, Role, and Problems (Including Sickness Problem) – Industrial Policies of 1948 and 1991 – FEMA and Competition Commission of India – Disinvestment Policy – Foreign Direct Investment – Concept and Components of Service Sector – Infrastructural Development: Transport, Energy, Communication and Information and Technology

VII. Telangana Economy

1.Telangana Economy: Human Resources: Economic History of Telangana – Economic Features of Telangana – Demographic    Features   of   Telangana   – Occupational    Distribution    of Population in Telangana – Sectoral Distribution of Population – Human Resource Development: Education and Health

2.Gross State Domestic Product, Poverty, and Unemployment: Growth and Trends in Gross State Domestic Product and Per Capita Income in Telangana:  District wise Analysis  – Sectoral Contribution  to Gross State Domestic Product – Inequalities in the Distribution of Income and Wealth – Poverty in Telangana: Trends, Causes and Consequences – Unemployment in Telangana: Trends, Causes and Consequences – Poverty Alleviation and Employment Generation Programmes in Telangana – Other Welfare Programmes in Telangana State

3.Agricultural Sector: Growth  of  Agriculture   in  Telangana   Economy  – Trends  in  Agricultural Production and Productivity – Determinants of Agricultural Productivity – Cropping Pattern – Agrarian Structure and Land Reforms – Irrigation: Sources and Trends – Mission Kakatiya – Agricultural Credit and Rural Indebtedness – Agricultural Marketing

4.Industrial Sector: Structure   of   Telangana   Industry   –   Growth   and  Pattern   of   Industrial Development in Telangana – Industrial Policy of Telangana State – Special Economic  Zones  (SEZ)  –  Role  of  Small  Scale Industries  in  Telangana Economy – Problems & Remedial Measures of Small Scale Industries: Issue of Sickness – Industrial Finance in Telangana

5.Service and Infrastructural Sectors: Growth and Trends in Tertiary Sector in Telangana – Growth and Pattern of Development of Service Sector in Telangana – Infrastructural Development in Telangana: Transport, Energy, Communications, Information Technology, and Tourism

VIII. Quantitative Methods for Economic Analysis

1.Mathematical Foundations of Economic Analysis: Need and Importance of Quantitative Methods in Economics – Meaning and Basic Concepts of Mathematics: Constants and Variables – Functions: Linear, Non-Linear Functions – Equations and Graphs of Linear, Quadratic and Cubic Functions – Concept of Derivative –- Rules of Differentiation with respect to Cost,  Revenue,  Price  and Demand  Functions  –Application  of Maxima  and Minima in Economic Analysis

2.Introduction to Statistics: Meaning, Basic Concepts and Uses of Statistics – Population and Sample – Frequency Distribution, Cumulative Frequency – Graphic and Diagrammatic Representation of Data – Types of Data: Primary and Secondary Data – Methods  of Data Collection:  Census  and Sampling  Methods  (Random  and Non-Random Sampling Methods)

3.Measures of Central Tendency and Dispersion: Measures of Central Tendency: Mean, Median, Mode, Geometric Mean, and Harmonic  Mean  – Properties  of Good  Average  – Comparison  of Different Averages  – Measures  of Dispersion  – Absolute  and Relative  Measures  of Dispersion: Range, Quartile Deviation, Mean Deviation, Standard Deviation, Coefficient of Variation and Variance

4.Correlation and Regression Correlation:  Meaning and Types – Karl Pearson’s Correlation Co-efficient  – Spearmen’s   Rank   Correlation   –   Regression:   Meaning   and   Uses   of Regression – Estimation, and Interpretation of Regression Line

5.Index Numbers and Time Series Analysis: Index Numbers: Meaning and Uses – Types of Index Numbers – Methods of Index Numbers:  Laspayer,  Paasche  and Fisher – Analysis  of Time-Series: Meaning   and  Uses   –  Components   of   Time   Series   Analysis:   Secular, Seasonal, Cyclical and Irregular Variations – Methods of Measurement of Secular   Trends:   Graphic,   Semi-Averages,   Moving   Averages   and  Least Squares Methods

 IX. Banking and Economics of Infrastructure 

1.Commercial and Central Banking: Commercial Banks: Concept and Types – Functions and Principles of Commercial Banks – Balance Sheet of Commercial Banks – Process of Credit Creation  –  Social  Responsibility,  Importance, and  Growth  of  Commercial Banks  in India – Central  Banking  – Functions  of Reserve  Bank of India – Concept, and Objectives  of the Monetary  Policy – Instruments  of Monetary Policy – Financial Sector Reforms in India

2.Financial and Investment Banking: Concept,  Types,  Functions, and  Growth  of  Non-Banking  Financial Intermediaries  –  Their  Impact  on Indian  Economy  –  Measures  Taken  to Control Their Operations – Development Bank: Concept, Functions, and Importance  –  Functioning  of Different  Development  Banks  –  Investment Banking – Merchant Banking

3.Money Market and Capital Market (Financial Markets):Money Market: Concept and Characteristics – Components and Sub-Markets of  Money  Market  –  Functions  of  Money  Market  –  Recent  Trends  and Importance  of Money Market in India – Capital Market: Concept, Functions and Importance  – Components  of Capital  Market:  Primary  and  Secondary Markets – Stock Exchange: Concept and Functions – SEBI and Its Functions

4.Infrastructure and Economic Development: Concept of Infrastructure – Infrastructure as a Public Good – Special Characteristics  of Public Utilities – Importance of Infrastructure in Economic Development – Trends in the Growth of Infrastructure in India – Classification of  Infrastructure:  Social  and  Physical  Infrastructure  – Social  Infrastructure: Education, Health and Hygiene – Human Resource Development:  Concept, Scope and Importance – Education in India: Planning, Policies and Financing– Trends  in the Growth  of Education  in India – Health in India:  Planning, Programmes and Importance.

5.Physical Infrastructure: Types of Physical Infrastructure – Concept of Energy – Sources of Energy: Renewable & Non- Renewable and Conventional & Non-Conventional Energy – Sources of Commercial Energy: Coal, Oil & Gas and Electric Power – Transport – Modes / Categories of Transport: Roadways, Railways, Airways, and Waterways – Role of Transportation in Economic Development – Information and Communication Technology (ICT): Concept, Growth, Trends, and Importance

 X. Economics of Environment 

1. Introduction to Environmental Economics: Concepts of Ecology and Environment – Interaction Among Ecology, Environment, and Economy – Micro Economic Theory of Environment – The Pricing  of  the  Environ-mental  Variables  –  Pareto  Optimality  and  Market Failure  in  the  Presence  of  Externalities  –  Bio-Diversity:  Meaning,  Uses, Effects, and Conservation

2.Resource Allocation: Natural Resources: Meaning, Features, Classification, and Importance – Economics   of   Exhaustible,   Non-Exhaustible   Resources   –   Problems   of Resource   Allocation   –   Natural   Resources   Depletion:   Optimal   Rate   of Depletion – Common Property Resources: Problems – Conservation of Resources – Implications of Ecological Imbalances

3.Environmental Valuation: Valuation of Non-Market Goods and Services: Measurement Methods – Environmental  Degradation:  Concept  and  Causes  –  Valuation  of Environmental  Degradation  – Direct and Indirect Methods – Degradation  of Land (Soil), Forest and Natural Resources: Causes and Effects – Cost-Benefit Analysis of Environmental Policies and Regulations

4.Sustainable Development: Impact of  Environment on  GNP  – Limits to  Growth – Sustainable Development:  Concept  and  Rules  –  Modern  and Neo-Classical  Views  on Sustainable Development – Peoples Movement for Sustainable Development– Development vs Sustainable Development

5.Environmental Pollution and Policies: Environment and Economy  Interaction  – Industrial and Agricultural Technology: Its Impact on Environment – Different Types of Pollution: Their Causes and Effects – Environmental Policy and Conservation and Protection of Eco-System – Implementation of Environmental Policies in India – Global Environmental Issues.

Main Examination Syllabus for the post of Junior Lecturer in Residential Educational Institution Societies Paper – II: Civics

I. Public Policy

a) Introduction to Public Policy: Nature, Scope and Importance of Public Policy, Public Policy as a Policy Science
b) Theories: Systems, Structural-Functional, Incremental, Elite, Group Theory
c) Public Policy Making: Role of Legislature, Executive, Judiciary, Bureaucracy, Political Parties, Pressure Groups, Mass Media
d) Policy Impact and Policy Evaluation: Land Reforms, Irrigation, Education, Health, Food Security and Social Security Policies

II. Research Methodology 

a) Social Science Research : Importance and Objectivity in Social Science Research – Scientific Method
b) Research Methods – Historical, Analytical, Descriptive, Exploratory, Case Study Method
c) Research Design: Selection of Research Problem and  Hypotheses d)  Data Collection: Primary and Secondary Sources
e) Data Analysis, Interpretation and Report Writing

III.Public Administration

a) Introduction: Meaning, Nature, Scope, and Importance of Public Administration
b) Evolution of Public Administration: Classical, Human Relations, Behavioural, Ecological, Socio-Psychological Approach, New Public Management
c) Principles of Organisation – Hierarchy, Span of Control, Unity of Command, Centralisation Decentralisation – Bases of Departmental Organisation – Line Agencies and Staff Agencies, Leadership

d) Union Government: Parliament, President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, Cabinet, Cabinet Secretariat,  Prime Minister’s Office (PMO)
e) State Government: State Legislature, Governor, Chief Minister and Council of Ministers, Secretariat and Directorates
f) District Administration: District Collector, Special Agencies – District Rural Development Agency, Integrated Tribal Development Agency

g) Local Government: Rural – Panchayati Raj Institutions – Gram Panchayat, Mandal Parishad, Zilla Parishad. Urban – Municipal Corporation, Municipalities, Urban Development Authorities, District Planning Committee
h) Constitutional Bodies: Comptroller & Auditor General, Finance Commission, Election Commission, Commissions for SC, ST, BCs, Women and Minorities IV. Political Science

(a) Introduction: Definition, Meaning, Nature, Scope and Importance of Political Science
(b) State: Essential Elements – Sovereignty and Theories of Sovereignty: Monistic and Pluralistic Theories of Sovereignty – Theories of Origins of State: Divine Origin, Social Contract, Historical and Evolutionary – Sphere of State. Activity: Laissez-Faire, Anarchist, Fascist, Socialist, Marxist, Welfare State

(c) Basic concepts: Law, Liberty, Equality, Rights, and Justice
(d) Governments:  Classification of Governments – Traditional and Modern – Forms Governments: Unitary, Federal, Presidential and Parliamentary
(e) Democracy: Direct Democracy and Indirect Democracy – Direct Democratic Devices
(f) Theory of Separation of Powers – Legislature, Executive and Judiciary, and their functions
(g) Social and Political Movements: Separate Telangana Statehood Movement – Dalit and Tribal Movements, Women’s Movement and Environmental Struggles

V. India’s Foreign Policy: Determinants and Features, Non-Alignment and U.N.O.  

Main Examination Syllabus for the post of Junior Lecturer in Residential Educational Institution Societies Paper- II: Commerce      

I. Financial Management: Meaning, Nature, Objectives, and Scope of Financial Management   –  Capital   Budgeting,   Process,   Techniques   –  Sources of Finance, Cost of Capital – Cost of various sources of finance –   Leverages: Operating and Financial leverages – Capital Structure Theories – Dividend decisions – Working Capital Management – Cash, Receivables and Inventory Management.   

II. Financial  and    Management    Accounting:    Accounting    concepts    and conventions  – GAAP – Indian Accounting Standards – Accounting process- Final Accounts (Sole Trader, Partnership and Company) – Depreciation Accounting – Accounts from Incomplete Records – Accounts of Non-Trading Organisations – Analysis of Financial Statements – Techniques: Comparative and Common Size statements,  Trend analysis, Ratio analysis,  Funds Flow and Cash Flow analysis – Marginal Costing and Decision Makin

III. Cost Accounting and Control: Cost concepts and Classification – Installation of costing system  – Elements of Cost:  Material,  Labour and Overheads  – Methods of Costing  – Techniques of costing:  CVP,  Standard  Costing and Budgetary control  –  Uniform costing,  Inter-firm comparisons and  Activity Based costing – Cost Control, Cost Reduction and Cost Audit.

IV. Managerial Economics:    Meaning,    Nature   and   Scope   of   Managerial Economics  –  Demand  Analysis,  Production  and  Cost  Analysis-  Market Structure: Perfect and Imperfect Mar
V. Organisation Theory and Behaviour: Organisation concept and theories – Individual Group  Behaviour  –Motivation and  Morale  –  Communication: Types and Barriers – Leadership: Styles and Theories.  

VI.Marketing Management: Meaning, Concepts, Nature and Scope – Marketing Environment – Consumer Behaviour and  Market  Segmentation  – Product, Price, Promotion and Channel management.
VII. Quantitative Techniques: Measures of Central Tendency – Measurers of Variation – Measurers of Skewness – Correlation and Regression Analysis– Time Series Analysis – Index Numbers – Sampling and Sampling Methods.

Scheme of Exam and Syllabus for Residential Educational Institution Societies:

  1. Principal
  2. Staff Nurse
  3. TGT
  4. PGT
  5. Art Teacher
  6. Craft Teacher
  7. Music Teacher
  8. PET
  9. PD
  10. Librarian in Schools
  11. JL
  12. Librarian in colleges

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