**Exam Pattern & Syllabus for APPSC Physics subject Degree Lecturers, APPSC has given the Degree College Lecturers Recruitment notification and online applications are invited online from qualified candidates to the post of Degree College Lecturers in Govt Degree Colleges in the State of Andhra Pradesh. **

The proforma Application will be available on Commission’s Website (www.psc.ap.gov.in) from 29/12/2016 to 28/01/2017 (Note: 27/01/2017 is the last date for payment of fee up- to 11:59 mid night). APPSC Degree College Lecturers Recruitment 2017 notification no.26/2016 and apply online now @ http://appscapplications17.apspsc.gov.in/

**Scheme of Exam: **Exam Pattern & Syllabus for APPSC Physics subject Degree Lecturers

Papers | No. of Questions | Duration (Minutes) | Maximum Marks |

PART-A: Written ‘Examination (Objective Type) | |||

Paper-1: General Studies & Mental Ability | 150 | 150 | 150 |

Paper-2: Physics subject | 150 | 150 | 300 |

PART-B: Interview (Oral Test) | 50 | ||

TOTAL | 500 |

**NEGATIVE MARKS:**

As per G.O.Ms. No.235, Finance (HR-I, Plg & Policy) Dept., Dt.06/12/2016, for each wrong answer will be penalized with 1/3rd of the marks prescribed for the question.

PHYSICS Subject Syllabus: Exam Pattern & Syllabus for APPSC Physics subject Degree Lecturers

**PART-A**

**I. Mathematical Methods of Physics**

Dimensional analysis. Vector algebra and vector calculus. Linear algebra, matrices, Cayley-Hamilton Theorem. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors. Linear ordinary differential equations of first & second order, Special functions (Hermite, Bessel, Laguerre and Legendre functions). Fourier series, Fourier and Laplace transform. Elements of complex analysis, analytic functions; Taylor & Laurent series; poles, residues, and evaluation of integrals. Elementary probability theory, random variables, binomial, Poisson and normal distributions. Central limit theorem. Data interpretation and analysis. Precision and accuracy. Error analysis, propagation of errors. Least-squares fitting, Linear and non-linear curve fitting and Chi-Square Test.

**II. Classical Mechanics**

Newton’s laws. Dynamical systems, Phase space dynamics, stability analysis. Central force motions. Two body Collisions – scattering in laboratory and Centre of mass frames. Rigid body dynamics-moment of inertia tensor. Non-inertial frames and pseudo forces. Variational principle. Generalized coordinates. Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formalism and equations of motion. Conservation laws and cyclic coordinates. Periodic motion: small oscillations, normal modes. The special theory of relativity-Lorentz transformations, relativistic kinematics, and mass-energy equivalence.

**III. Electromagnetic Theory**

Electrostatics: Gauss’s law and its applications, Laplace and Poisson equations, boundary value problems. Magnetostatics: Biot-Savart law, Ampere’s theorem. Electromagnetic induction. Maxwell’s equations in free space and linear isotropic media; boundary conditions on the fields at interfaces. Scalar and vector potentials, gauge invariance. Electromagnetic waves in free space. Dielectrics and conductors. Reflection and refraction, polarization, Fresnel’s law, interference, coherence, and diffraction. Dynamics of charged particles in static and uniform electromagnetic fields. Charged particles in inhomogeneous fields.

**IV. Quantum Mechanics**

Wave-particle duality. Schrödinger equation (time-dependent and time-independent). Eigenvalue problems (particle in a box, harmonic oscillator, etc.). Tunneling through a barrier. Wave-function in coordinate and momentum representations. Commutators and Heisenberg uncertainty principle. Dirac notation for state vectors. Motion in a central potential: orbital angular momentum, angular momentum algebra, spin, the addition of angular momenta; Hydrogen atom. Stern-Gerlach experiment. Time-independent perturbation theory and applications. Variational method. Time-dependent perturbation theory and Fermi’s golden rule, selection rules. Identical particles, Pauli exclusion principle, spin-statistics connection.

**V. Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics**

Laws of thermodynamics and their significance. Thermodynamic potentials, Maxwell relations, chemical potential, phase equilibria. Phase space, micro-and macro-states. Micro-canonical, canonical and grand-canonical ensembles, and partition functions. Free energy and its connection with thermodynamic quantities. Classical and quantum statistics. Bose and Fermi gases. Principle of detailed balance. Blackbody radiation and Planck’s distribution law.

**VI. Electronics**

Semiconductors devices (diodes, junctions, transistors, field-effect devices, homo- and hetero-junction devices), device structure, device characteristics, frequency dependence, and applications. Opto-electronic devices (solar cells, photo-detectors, LEDs). Operational amplifiers and their applications. Digital techniques and applications (Logic circuits, registers, counters, and comparators). A/D and D/A converters. Microprocessor microcontroller basics. Fundamentals of communication electronics, modulation techniques.

**VII. Atomic & Molecular Physics**

Quantum states of an electron in an atom. Electron spin. The spectrum of helium and alkali atom. Relativistic corrections for energy levels of the hydrogen atom, hyperfine structure and isotopic shift, the width of spectrum lines, LS & JJ couplings. Zeeman, Paschen-Bach & Stark effects. Electron spin resonance. Nuclear magnetic resonance, chemical shift. Frank- Condon principle. Electronic, rotational, vibrational and Raman spectra of diatomic molecules, selection rules. Lasers: spontaneous and stimulated emission, Einstein A & B coefficients. Optical pumping, population inversion, rate equation. Modes of resonators and coherence length.

**VIII. Condensed Matter Physics**

Bravais lattices. Reciprocal lattice. Diffraction and the structure factor. Bonding of solids. Elastic properties, phonons, lattice specific heat. Free electron theory and electronic specific heat. Response and relaxation phenomena. Drude model of electrical and thermal conductivity. Hall effect and thermoelectric power. Electron motion in a periodic potential, band theory of solids: metals, insulators, and semiconductors. Superconductivity: type-I and type-II superconductors. Josephson junctions. Superfluidity. Defects and dislocations. Ordered phases of matter: translational and orientational order, kinds of liquid crystalline order. Quasi-crystals.

**IX. Nuclear and Particle Physics**

Basic nuclear properties; size, shape and charge distribution, spin and parity. Binding energy, semi-empirical mass formula, liquid drop model. Nature of the nuclear force, a form of nucleon-nucleon potential, charge-independence, and charge-symmetry of nuclear forces. Deuteron problem. Evidence of shell structure, single-particle shell model, its validity and limitations. Elementary ideas of alpha, beta and gamma decay, and their selection rules. Fission and fusion. Nuclear reactions, reaction mechanisms, compound nuclei, and direct reactions.

**PART-B**

**I. Mathematical Methods of Physics**

Green’s function. Partial differential equations (Laplace, wave and heat equations in two and three dimensions). Elements of computational techniques: the root of functions, interpolation, extrapolation, integration by trapezoid and Simpson’s rule, Solution of the first-order differential equation using the Runge-Kutta method. Finite difference methods. Tensors. Introductory group theory.

**II. Classical Mechanics**

Basic concepts of dynamical systems, Poisson brackets, and canonical transformations. Symmetry, invariance and Noether’s theorem. Hamilton-Jacobi theory.

**III. Electromagnetic Theory**

Dispersion relations in plasma. Lorentz invariance of Maxwell’s equation. Transmission lines and waveguides. Radiation- from moving charges and dipoles and retarded potentials.

**IV. Quantum Mechanics**

Spin-orbit coupling, fine structure. WKB approximation. Elementary theory of scattering: phase shifts, partial waves, Born approximation. Relativistic quantum mechanics: Klein- Gordon and Dirac equations. Semi-classical theory of radiation.

**V. Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics**

First- and second-order phase transitions. Diamagnetism, paramagnetism, and ferromagnetism. Ising model. Bose-Einstein condensation. Diffusion equation. Random walk and Brownian motion. Introduction to nonequilibrium processes.

**VI. Condensed Matter Physics**

Electron spin resonance, Nuclear magnetic resonance, chemical shift, and applications. X-ray diffraction technique, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy.

**VII. Nuclear and Particle Physics**

Classification of fundamental forces. Elementary particles and their quantum numbers (charge, spin, parity, isospin, strangeness, etc.). Quark model, baryons and mesons. C, P, and T invariance. Application of symmetry arguments to particle reactions. Parity non- conservation in weak interaction. Relativistic kinematics.

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