National Education Policy 2020: NEP – New Education Policy High lights. Cabinet Approves National Education Policy 2020, paving way for transformational reforms in school and higher education systems in the country – Press Note
NEP 2020 – Ensuring universal access to high-quality Early Childhood Care and Education across the country. ECCE will focus on developing social capacities, sensitivity, good behaviour, courtesy, ethics, personal & public cleanliness, teamwork & cooperation among children.
The medium of instruction (preferably) till Grade 8 & beyond, will be the home language/mother-tongue/local language/regional language. Starting from the Foundational Stage, children will be exposed to different languages with a particular emphasis on the mother tongue.
To provide equitable & inclusive education for all, Gender-Inclusion Fund will be set up by GoI. The fund will be available to States, to support & scale effective community-based interventions that address barriers to female & transgender children’s access to education.
Targeting a 50% Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education by 2035. While a number of new institutions may be developed to attain these goals, a large part of the capacity creation will be achieved by consolidating/expanding/improving existing HEIs.
In order to ensure equitable & inclusive education to all, tactical strategies will be made, and concrete steps will be taken for making quality higher education opportunities available to all individuals.
Teachers will be recruited through robust and transparent processes. Promotions will be merit-based, and a mechanism will be developed for multi-source periodic performance appraisals.
The UG degree will have multiple exit options. An Academic Bank of Credit shall be established which would digitally store the academic credits earned from various recognized HEIs so that the degrees from an HEI can be awarded taking into account credits earned.
Equitable and Inclusive Education: Emphasis will be given on Socially & Economically Disadvantaged Groups. School complexes will be supported for providing children with disabilities facilities to suit their needs, ensuring their full participation in the classroom.
Cash rich content will be reduced to its core essentials, and make space for critical thinking, holistic, enquiry-based, discovery-based, discussion-based, and analysis-based learning.
Recognising that our teachers will require training in high-quality content & pedagogy. As colleges/universities move towards becoming multidisciplinary, they will also aim to house outstanding education departments that offer B.Ed., M.Ed., & Ph.D. degrees in education.
With an objective to improve multiple aspects of education, the use and integration of technology will be encouraged & supported. Efforts will be focused on emerging disruptive technologies that can help us transform the education system & empower our educators.
More HEIs will use the mother tongue/local language as a medium of instruction, and/or offer programmes bilingually. Private HEIs too will be encouraged and incentivised to use Indian languages as medium of instruction and/or offer bilingual programmes.
Ensuring that quality education reaches to the students of ALL sections of the society. A special joint task force will be constituted to ensure the same.
Aiming to achieve 100% Gross Enrolment Ratio in preschool to secondary level by 2030. Once infrastructure/participation are in place, ensuring quality education will be the key in the retention of students, so that students do not lose interest in attending school.
National Curricular & Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care & Education (NCPFECCE) by NCERT will be divided into 2 sub-frameworks for:upto 3 year old & 3-8 year old. The framework will serve as a guide for parents & early childhood care & education institutions
Work will be done towards reducing curriculum content, to enhance essential learning/critical thinking in students. The mandated content will focus on:
- Key concepts
Attaining foundational literacy & numeracy for all children will become an urgent national mission, with the highest priority of the education system to achieve universal foundational literacy & numeracy in primary schools by 2025.
A concerted national effort will be made to ensure universal access and affordable opportunity to all children of the country to obtain quality holistic education from Preschool to Grade 12.
Recognising the importance of creating enabling mechanisms for providing the same opportunities of obtaining quality education to Children With Special Needs (CWSN) or Divyangs as any other child.
Continuous and strategic steps will be taken to increase the Gross Enrolment Ratio (GER) in higher education, including vocational education from 26.3% (2018) to 50% by 2035. More HEIs will be established in underserved regions to ensure full access, equity & inclusion.
NETF will be created to provide a platform for the free exchange of ideas on using technology to enhance learning, assessment, planning, & administration. Tech-based education platforms, like DIKSHA & SWAYAM will be better integrated across school & higher education.
NETF will ensure appropriate integration of #technology into all levels of education, resulting in Improved classroom processes. Enhanced educational access for disadvantaged groups. Streamlined educational planning, administration & management & much more!
Transforming HEIs into large multidisciplinary universities/colleges & clusters/knowledge hubs, each of which will aim to have 3,000+ students, enabling students to become well-rounded across disciplines.
The nutrition/health (including Mental health) of children will be addressed, through healthy meals. Breakfast will be provided in schools too, apart from Mid Day Meal. The mid-day meal programme shall also be extended to the Preparatory Classes in primary schools.
Three-language formula will continue to be implemented, with greater flexibility, while keeping in mind the Constitutional provisions, aspirations of the people, regions, and the Union, and the need to promote multilingualism as well as promote national unity.
Working towards the preservation, growth, and vibrancy of all Indian languages: More HEIs & more programmes in higher education will use the mother tongue/local language as a medium of instruction, and/or offer programmes bilingually.
Strong & innovative government initiatives for adult education will be executed with the aim of achieving 100% literacy. The framework shall keep in mind that adults would require rather different teaching-learning methods & materials than those meant for children.
In order to truly transform the educational landscape, regions of the country with large populations from educationally-disadvantaged SEDGs will be declared Special Education Zones (SEZs), where all the schemes and policies will be implemented with concentrated efforts.
Free boarding facilities will be built in school locations where students may have to come from far, and particularly for students who from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds, with suitable arrangements for the safety of all children, especially girls.
A Government school teacher turns into a video blogger to help his students learn better.
5 + 3 + 3 + 4 design
New Curricular and pedagogical structure A new developmentally-appropriate curriculum and pedagogical structure for school education based on principles of brain development and learning has been proposed on a 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 design, covering 4 stages.
Vocational Professional Education: All institutions offering either professional or general education will aim to organically evolve into institutions/clusters offering both seamlessly, and in an integrated manner by 2030.
Vocational Professional Education will be an Integral Part of the Higher Education System
- Agriculture education
- Vocational education
- Teacher education
- Technical education
Focusing on LOs, Competencies and subject – integration
Specific skills and capacities will be emphasised in school such as scientific temper, creativity, communication, fitness and wellness, teamwork, problem-solving, digital literacy, ethics, etc.
- Competency based education
- NO SILOS among subjects/learning
- Integration of subjects Development of scientific temper
- Emphasis on Digital literacy
- Promotion of multi-lingual teaching
NEP 2020 aims to put teachers in the driver’s seat of change in the current #education scenario, resulting in better & improved learning outcomes in their classrooms. The role expectations of principals/teachers will include developing a caring/inclusive culture at their schools.
Teachers will be given more autonomy in choosing aspects of pedagogy with a focus on socio-emotional learning – a critical aspect of any student’s holistic development
CHANGING THE APPROACH TO TEACHER EDUCATION
The NCFTE 2021 will also factor the requirements of teacher education curricula for vocational education. It will thereafter be revised once every 5-10 years by reflecting the changes in revised NCFs as well as emerging needs in teacher education.
A new and comprehensive National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education, NCFTE 2021, will be formulated by the NCTE in consultation with NCERT
School Complexes/Cluster by 2030:
Establishing school complexes for greater resource efficiency, more effective functioning, leadership, governance & management of schools in the complex. These complexes will result in improved support for children with disabilities, attendance, enrollment, etc.
- Sharing of infrastructure and HumanResource
- Integrating Education Across all Levels
- Vibrant Communities of Teachers and Students
- Joint Events of Arts, Science and Sports
- Effective Governance
Curricular integration of essential subjects, skills, and capacities will be done. This will enable students to become good, successful, innovative, adaptable, and productive human beings in today’s rapidly changing world.
Ministry of Education Government of India To develop important skills in students, contemporary subjectswill be introduced at all levels
- Artificial Intelligence
- Environmental Education
- Holistic Health
- Organic Living
- Design Thinking
- Global Citizenship Education (GCE)
Continuous Professional Development (CPD)
Each teacher will be expected to participate in at least 50 hours of CPD opportunities every year for their own professional development, driven by their own interests.
Outstanding school teachers with demonstrated leadership and management skills would be trained over time to take on academic leadership positions
CPD opportunities will cover: Latest pedagogies regarding foundational literacy & numeracy. Formative & adaptive assessment of learning outcomes, competency-based learning & related pedagogies. Platforms will be developed for teachers to share ideas/best practices.
Knowledge of India – Indian Knowledge Systems, including tribal knowledge and Indigenous and traditional ways of learning, will be covered in school’s curriculum. ‘Knowledge of India’: Knowledge from ancient India, its’ contributions to modern India & its’ successes will be incorporated in an accurate/scientific manner throughout the school curriculum. An engaging course on Indian Knowledge Systems will also be available as an elective to students in secondary school.
Coding will be taught to students starting from Class VI. With the objective to make our children future ready, coding will now be taught starting from the middle stage.
Mental and Physical health and well-being of students will be prioritized via counsellors in school complexes, Reducing weight of school bags, Health Check ups, Inclusive and caring culture at school. Children’s health will be addressed through healthy meals & the introduction of well-trained social workers/counsellors/community involvement into the schooling system.
To eliminate harmful hierarchies among, and silos between different areas of learning there will be NO HARD SEPARATIONS between arts & sciences, curricular, co-curricular & extra-curricular, vocational & academic streams. This will give learners the ability to choose their own path in life according to their talents & interests.
LOK VIDYA will be made accessible to students through integration into vocational education courses. As the name suggests, with ‘Lok Vidya‘ in place, students will get a chance to learn important vocational knowledge developed in India from the experts. Vocational education will be integrated into all school & HEIs in a phased manner over the next decade.
PARAKH, Performance Assessment, Review, and Analysis of Knowledge for Holistic Development is a standard-setting body will be set up under Education Ministry to set norms,standards & guidelines for student assessment & evaluation & help school boards to shift their assessment patterns towards meeting the skill requirements of the 21st century.
Internationalization of education: India will be promoted as a global study destination providing premium education at affordable costs. High performing Indian universities will be encouraged to set up campuses in other countries, and similarly, select universities will be facilitated to operate in India.
Keeping in mind India’s future & its leadership role mathematics/computational thinking will be given increased emphasis throughout the school years, starting with the foundational stage.
Institutions will have the option to run Open Distance Learning (ODL) & online programmes, provided they are accredited to do so, in order to enhance their offerings, improve access, increase GER & provide opportunities for lifelong learning (SDG4).
Indian Sign Language (ISL) will be standardized across the country, and National and State curriculum materials will be developed for students with hearing impairment. Local sign languages will be respected and taught, where possible and relevant.
ECCE aims to attain optimal outcomes in the domains of Physical & Motor, Cognitive, Socio-Emotional-Ethical, and Cultural/Artistic development along with the development of communication & early language, literacy, and numeracy. Watch the video to know-how!
Balavatika: Introducing Preparatory Class or ‘BALAVATIKA’. Learning to be focused on developing cognitive, affective, and psychomotor abilities and early literacy and numeracy. It is envisaged that every child, prior to the age of 5 (i.e. before Class 1), will move to a “Balavatika” which will have an ECCE-qualified teacher. The learning in the Preparatory Class will be based primarily on play-based learning.
KGBVs will be strengthened and expanded to increase the participation of girls in schools. Free boarding facilities will be built in school locations where students may have to come from far, and particularly for students who are from socio-economically disadvantaged backgrounds, with suitable arrangements for the safety of all children, especially girls.