Right to Education Act 2009 in Andhra Pradesh The Right Of Children To Free And Compulsory Education Act, 2009, Education is the backbone of India -Amartya Sen, Nobel Laureate “Elementary Education is Now Fundamental Right of Every Child”
Education is a fundamental right of every human being. It lays the foundation for the development of society. The Indian Parliament enacted the Right to Education Act in 2009, to provide free and compulsory education to all children in the age group of six to fourteen years. The Act notifies that it is a legally enforceable duty of the Centre and States to provide free and compulsory education.
Main features of Right to Education 2009 act
The salient features of the Right of Children for Free and Compulsory Education act are
- Free and compulsory education to all children of India in the six to 14 age group;
- No child shall be held back, expelled, or required to pass a board examination until completion of elementary education;
- A child above six years of age has not been admitted in any school or though admitted, could not complete his or her elementary education, then, he or she shall be admitted in a class appropriate to his or her age; Provided that where a child is directly admitted in a class appropriate to his or her age, then, he or she shall, in order to be at par with others, have a right to receive special training, in such manner, and within such time limits, as may be prescribed: Provided further that a child so admitted to elementary education shall be entitled to free education till completion of elementary education even after fourteen years.
- Proof of age for admission: For the purposes of admission to elementary education. the age of a child shall be determined on the basis of the birth certificate issued in accordance with the provisions of the Births. Deaths and Marriages Registration Act, 1856 or on the basis of such other document, as may be prescribed. No child shall be denied admission in a school for lack of age proof
- A child who completes elementary education shall be awarded a certificate;
- Calls for a fixed student-teacher ratio;
- Will apply to all of India except Jammu and Kashmir;
- Provides for 25 percent reservation for economically disadvantaged communities in admission to Class One in all private schools;
- Mandates improvement in quality of education;
- School teachers will need adequate professional degree within five years or else will lose job;
- School infrastructure (where there is problem) to be improved in three years, else recognition cancelled;
- Financial burden will be shared between state and central government