NCSC Suggested Science Projects & Experiments on Sub Themes for Science Project Competitions

NCSC Suggested Science Projects & Experiments on Sub Themes: Children’s Science Congress (CSC), National  Children’s Science Congress Projects, Suggested experiments, Suggested Projects, Additional Project Ideas for NCSC, CSC Projects are Simple, Practical, Innovative and Inexpensive.

Nature of NCSC Project

NCSC projects are:

  1. Innovative, simple and practical;
  2. Representing teamwork;
  3. Based on exploration of everyday life-situations;
  4. Involving field based data collection;
  5. Having definite outputs, arrived through scientific methodology;
  6. Related directly to community work in the local community;
  7. Having follow-up plans.
NCSC Suggested Science Projects & Experiments on Sub Themes for Science Project Competitions
NCSC Suggested Science Projects & Experiments on Sub Themes for Science Project Competitions

Criteria of Good Projects

As per past experience, it has been found that projects rated very good had the following elements while implementing and documenting the project:

Proper understanding and definition of the problem undertaken. Quality and quantity of work, including team work, learning process, subject understanding and efforts to validate the data collected.

Relevance of the proposal to the community/school problem and impact of project on schoolmates, neighbourhood community. Originality, innovation and creativity shown to understand the problem and find solution i.e. in methodology and experiment design.

The Project may follow the steps of SMART approach

S: Specific: The subject/issues of study must be specific.
M: Measurable: The issues of study must be measurable in quantitative /qualitative forms so that component of comparability is maintained.
A: methodology must be appropriate to nature of the issues considered for the study.
R: Realistic: The issues of the study must be realistic along with the methodology adopted for the purpose.
T: Time bound: Study must be carried out in a limited time frame.

The project activities may not destabilize normal activity /schedule of the child.

NCSC 2020-2021

Points to remember

The project work of NCSC must be carried out in a systematic way so that it can rightly reflect the method of science in the works. The issue of the study may demand experimental survey works or both.

In case of experimental works design and principle of the experiments are very important factors which may help to get a better result in a rational way. In such case parameters of observation and verification through the experiment and its logical selection must be reflected vividly along with sets of control and approached of data validation.

Similarly, in case of survey based projects universe of the study, criteria of selection, sample coverage, design of questionnaire or interview schedule are very important along with approached of data compilation, validation, analysis and interpretation.

Prototype model or functional models are only encouraged to be used in project presentation if issues and methods of study demands for it. Log-Book.

Proper work diary has to be maintained while carrying out the project works. The day to day activity has to be neatly noted in the form of a log-book and should be submitted with the project report at the time of submission.

All the details, such as project title, name of the group leader etc. should be written clearly on the cover.

Focal Theme: “Science for Sustainable Living”

We are at the crossroads regarding critical and complex ecological challenges, economic stress and w social instability at local, regional, national and global scales. Joy of living is disturbed with questions, uncertainties, fear, depression, frustration and envy.

Globally, there is an increasing search for alternative ways to design our thought processes and how we live our daily lives; where approach of sustainable living seems to be the only way forward.

Sustainable living pleads for a lifestyle which reduces the impact of human way of life on planet Earth, by cutting down on the use of natural resources, preventing pollution and through judicious decision-making in use of material, energy, transportation, recreation, etc.

Here, “sustainable lifestyle” is a cluster of habits and patterns of behaviour embedded in a society and facilitated by institutions, norms and infrastructures that frame individual choices, in order to minimise the use of natural resources and generation of wastes, while supporting fairness and prosperity for all (UNEP, 2016).

Scientific inquiry in the form of exploration, experimentation with proper validation and interpretation helps us in understanding different ways and means to adopt sustainable approaches in daily walk of life.

With this perspective the focal theme “Science for sustainable living” would like to systematically use the methods of science for personal and community level decision-making that would lead to establishment sustainable ways of life (genre de vie) through improving/upgrading quality of life (QoL), conservation of nature and ecosystem, facilitating energy efficiency and also to achieve equity, equality, happiness, peace and harmony.

A Regenerative Approach To Sustainability

Sustainable living is in simple terms making a living with preserving the existing resource base without depleting the current levels and to a great extent generating renewable sources.

But taking into account factors such as growing population, negative ecological impacts due to anthropogenic factors such as climate change, there is also a need for regenerating the lost resources to match future demands, even if we limit our consumption levels.

Therefore the concept of regenerative sustainability plead for a net-positive approach to sustainability that is based on ‘procedural sustainability’ through collaborative planning for community development as interpreted by constructive social theory.

It is different from the regenerative development and design approach which is rooted in the notion of ecological worldview of systems that support co-evolution of human and natural systems in a caring and nurturing relationship like parental relationship.

The idea of regenerative suitability approach and regenerative design approach concern for reorientation for reducing harm and damage to produce net-positive outcomes both for environment and human at personal space to neighbourhood space scale. Therefore, the focal theme proposes to inculcate the idea of regenerative sustainability among the young minds of the country.

SUB-THEMES

Sub theme I. Eco System for Sustainable Living
Sub theme II. Appropriate Technology for Sustainable Living
Sub theme III. Social Innovation for Sustainable Living
Sub theme IV. Design, Development and Modelling for Sustainable Living
Sub theme V. Traditional Knowledge System (TKS) for Sustainable Living

Sub theme 1: Ecosystem for Sustainable living

Proposed coverage

  • Understanding Ecosystem learning about ecosystem components, their functions and interrelations ( both natural and man-made system)
  • Exploring diversity of life, its role in ecology, economy and social sustainability
  • Impact of human activities on ecosystem
  • Conservation of biodiversity and ecosystem
  • Natural Resource Management (NRM ) for ecological, economic and social sustainability
  • Ecosystem approach for sustainable living

Model Projects on Ecosystem for Sustainable living

Project 1: Study of an Agroecosystem
Project 2: Conservation status of Dellinia indica in Northeast India.
Project 3: Evaluation of pollinator diversity in ecosystems
Project 4: A study of urban habitat as Refugia to Avifauna
Project 5. Studies of different type of web-forming spiders and their preys in the ecosystems at your local
Project 6. A systematic study of different fruit-bearing plants in a homestead garden
Project 7. Study on the association of bird diversity in a homestead garden
Project 8. Understanding impact of human activities on flora/fauna and their abundance
Project 9. Study of Amphibian diversity by observing the morphological features of amphibians in an area.
Project 10. Status of Invasive Alien Species, their/its Impacts on Local Biodiversity and Control Measures
Project 11: How does organic component influence soil properties of different ecosystem?

Additional Project Ideas

1. Ecological significance of the ecosystem (forest, river, mountain, tea garden, grassland) and how local people are getting benefit from that ecosystem.
2. Dependency of local people on ecosystem services from the ecosystem
3. An integrated assessment of effects of human impacts on an ecosystem biodiversity assessment, ecosystem assessment and livelihood assessment

4. Mapping of invasive plant species in various ecosystem and its various alternative uses.
5. Impact of invasive alien plants on terrestrial native vegetation (grasses / gardens / forest)
6. Butterflies/insect diversity in our locality and their role in ecosystem 7. Ecological importance of mosquitoes
8. Monitoring of bird nesting/bat colonies in urban environment
9. Human-wildlife conflict pattern in your locality and its various mitigation methods.

10.Seasonal monitoring diversity of birds and their roosting site around your village.
11. Inventory and monitoring different species of insects visiting the school garden/grassland patch.
12.Seed germination period and performance of different types of soil.
13. How ecosystem services contributing in your neighbourhood.
14. Document ecosystem services monthly or seasonally in nearby areas.
15. Role of spider/ant in the ecosystem

16.Study on the feed plants of local livestock in relation to their sustainable availability
17.Sacred groves as repositories of native germplasm
18. Role of lower plants in local ecology

19. Dust capturing capacity of roadside plants and suggestive measures for creating road-side green belts.
20. Understanding wetland health through diversity and distribution of fish fauna
21. Urban cemeteries as hot spots of local biodiversity
22. Indicator plants for ground water prospecting
23.Symbiotic relationship between two or more species helping each other’s life cycle.

24.Study of biodiversity hotspots in urban environment
25.Assessment of living and non-living components of an intermediate zone (Ecotone) and its associated conservation issues.
26.Beach Erosion – causes, impacts and restoration

27. Change in drainage pattern due to land use changes and impact on ecosystem characteristics
28.Grazing and spread of plant species through dung/excreta
29. Invasive alien fishes and their impact on the aquatic ecosystem

30.Study on the natural seasonal changes in a garden or natural grove and impact of anthropogenic activities.
31. Relationship of small mammal species and their host plants
32. Role of sacred groves in regulation of micro-climatic conditions

33. Habitat mapping of mammalian species on the basis of direct and indirect evidences
34.A market survey to estimate potential demand for various medicinal plants in your locality

35. Understanding impact of human in different ecosystems
36. Understanding pollination and role of pollinating insects
37. Non-biodegradable polythene load in selected drainage of an urban area and its impacts.

Sub theme 2: Appropriate Technology (AT) for Sustainable living

Proposed coverage

  • Design and development of AT
  • Ecosystem management, Ecosystem based production, NRM
  • Responsible Consumption
  • Sustainable habitat development
  • Management of Human Wildlife Conflict (HWC)
  • Harnessing Renewable Energy (RE), achieving energy efficiency etc.

Model Projects on Appropriate Technology (AT) for Sustainable living

Project -1: Waste water treatment using reed bed Project – 2: Preservation of food products by drying
Project – 3: Performance Assessment of Biomass based Cooking Stoves
Project -4: Potential of charcoal for sustainable agriculture
Project -5: Comparative study of thermal performance of traditional and modern houses

Additional Project ideas

1. Design optimization of solar cooking system
2. Use of traditional methods of storing food grains
3. Use of simple ropeways for transportation of materials
4. Use of natural additives in making handmade paper resistant to insect attack

5. Foot operated pumps for water lifting / energy efficient water lifting devices
6. Accessories for rainwater harvesting systems to prevent initial dirty water entering the storage
7. Technology for Aquaponics / hydroponics for fodder –livestock
8. Use of micro / wick irrigation method

9. Community-based warning system for natural disaster
10. Community-base warning systems to avoid human-animal conflict
11. Low wattage solar pumping system for domestic water lifting

12. Comparative study of different types of fishing traps/gear used in traditional systems
13. Study on floating decks for growing food crops on water bodies
14. Performance study of e-rickshaw

15. Water lifting/ power generation from hill streams
16. Managing drinking water during flood
17. Evaluation of impact of a new technology replacing the old practices/ technology in day-to-day life

18. Studying an existing cottage industry in our locality, evaluating needs and constraints and suggesting solution
19. Traditional water harvesting in arid region and their relevance
20. Harvesting water from atmosphere

Sub theme 3: Social Innovation for Sustainable Living

Proposed coverage

  • Social innovation for security of life, livelihoods, social inclusion, eradicating poverty, promotion of eco-sanitation
  • Social innovation for Climate Change adaptation, resilience development, Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Social institutional reframing, promoting social inclusion, responsible consumption and management
  • Social entrepreneurship

Model Projects on Social Innovation for Sustainable Living

Project – 1: Observe Earth Hour Every day for Illuminated Future
Project – 2: Our Local Eco-cultural Tradition and Sustainable living
Project – 3: Rainwater Harvesting in our School
Project – 4: Formation of a Book-Bank in my Village
Project – 5: Healthy Food Initiative in My School

Additional Project ideas

  • Development of ecotourism for better understanding and conservation of local ecosystem /Creation of ‘Wall of Charity
  • Goodwill’ for the needy (clothes / shoes) in our town / society /Promotion of local art and craft for the empowerment of artisans
  • Under utilise iron-rich food / feed stuff to produce folic acid supplement for anaemia
  • Revival of traditional water harvesting systems in our locality / village / town (abandoned wells / jhalra / baori)
  • Society-managed emergency healthcare services (human / animal) using mobile apps
  • Reuse / recycle of discarded material e.g. Mobile phones
  • Bringing nature to school / Creation of Green Wall in our school
  • Utilisation of open terrace of our school / home for growing vegetables
  • Minor road repairs to major fuel efficiency, a case study in our locality
  • Developing products for children / people with disability (physical, vision)
  • Promotion of animal products (yak / camel milk and bye products) /Impact of ‘neighbourhood school policy’ on our local (urban / rural) environment
  • Developing a mobile app based alert system to safeguard against natural disaster Innovative designs for value addition/improving efficiency

Sub theme 4: Design, Development, Modeling and Planning for Sustainable living

Proposed coverage

  • Defining carrying capacity, threshold limits
  • Sustainable production
  • Sustainable consumption
  • Habitat development
  • Transportation system, energy system
  • Pollution monitoring-impact assessment
  • Natural Resources management
  • Farming system design
  • Climate change resilience and adaptation, etc.

Model Projects on Design, Development, Modeling and Planning for Sustainable living

Project- 1:

Project – 1: Land use change and its impact on natural and cultural
landscape
Project- 2: Modeling Alien Invasive Plant Species for Management
Project-3: Computing Carrying Capacity and Population Prediction of an Organism Grown Under Resource-Stress Conditions
Project-4: Infectious Disease Modeling

Additional Project Ideas

(A) Design

1. Design different methods to purify water by using natural materials around you and compare them.
2. Study different systems of water transportation and design an improved product to transport water from source to home.
3. Design an improved product for reducing the burden of headloads of labour workers.

4. Design your own structure for an earthquake-proof house.
5. Design a house for flood prone area based on the challenges faced.
6. Study the design of the tradition housing in your region in relation to the climatic conditions

7. Design a utility-based product from natural waste available in your surroundings. Explore the scientific principles involved in making and application of that product.

8. Find golden ratio in different products around you and explain the science behind using the golden ratio.
9. Find an interesting element in nature around you like leaf, spider web, bird nest, flowers, etc., understand its scientific principle and possibility and design a product being inspired from it.

10.Identify a specific problem or need in your community. Design a product based on participatory design principle addressing that need.
11.Model the energy consumption in your locality and make a comparison based on different housing designs and systems.

(B) Planning:

1. Study the Supply Chain of Dabbawala in a city or town supplying home- cooked food. Understand their challenges, propose solution.
2. Map the vulnerability of your school in the context of flood or earthquake.
3. Prepare an evacuation plan for your school in case of a fire incident.
4. Develop ideas for increasing the system efficiency in biomass.

5. Understand the current scenario of Solid Waste Management system in your locality and propose viable better ideas.
6. Map the planning involved for public transport system in your area in relation to the need. Suggest possible ideas for improvement of the system.

(C) Modeling:

1. Study on climatic factors of your locality
2. Establish mathematical relation between Body Mass Index (BMI) and Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
3. Map the relationship between rainfall and stream flow
4. Comparative study on different plant species using Golden Ratio

5. Map nearby facilities like hospitals, offices, places of interest in 3 km radius of your locality
6. Map ground water level in your village by studying the wells in the area
7. Map the drainage lines in your area and categorise them in natural and manmade understanding its benefits and lacking.

8. Map the changes on the coast line of a specific region of India compared to the natural disasters faced in the region.
9. Map the green cover in your region compared to the land availability and usage.
10.Study on agriculture land use of a village using map as a tool and assess the agricultural self-sufficiency and food security.
11.Model the changes observed in habitats of animals in your surroundings.

Sub theme 4: Design, Development, Modeling and Planning for Sustainable living

Proposed coverage

  • Documentation, validation, improvisation and application of TKS in
    • Ecosystem management
    • Conservation, resource optimization,
    • Energy efficiency System efficiency
    • Promoting growth within and social inclusion

Model Projects on Design, Development, Modeling and Planning for Sustainable living

Project- 1: Understanding the traditional methods of seed storage and its usage in the current scenario
Project- 2: Understanding functions, mechanisms and improvisation of stream-based water mill
Project- 3: Study of traditions of sacred groves for biodiversity values, ecosystem services, economic and sociocultural values

Project- 4: Study of traditional knowledge of correct harvesting stage of fruits and vegetables.
Project- 5: Analysis of traditional food practices in comparison with modern food items

Project- 6: Analysis of construction technology of houses and other buildings
Project -7: Comparison of traditional agricultural techniques with modern farming techniques.

Additional Project Ideas

1. Traditional methods of seed storage and validation.
2. Study of the potential of re-establishing leaf bowls and plates as an alternative to single-use plastics.
3. Evaluation of nutritional values of traditional food.

4. Comparative study of traditional and modern water purifying practices
5. The protocol of traditional tree planting methods.
6. Traditional pollution-free rat control methods.
7. Tradition crop protection practices and its efficacy and evaluation.

8. Study of certain ethno-medicines, their applications, and efficiencies.
9. Traditional insect control methods in agriculture and their efficacies.
10.The tradition of water harvesting techniques and its utility in the modern era.
11. Local and traditional practices of fodder enrichments and its effect on animal husbandry.

12. Minor millets and their pest resistance.
13.Efficacy of traditional honey collection and extraction methods.
14.Traditional termite control methods in agriculture fields and their efficacy
15. Drought hardy traditional crop races and their role in the climate change scenarios.

16.Traditional plant growth promoters
17.Traditional eco-friendly wood curing techniques.
18.Traditional de-ticking or de-worming practices in tribal/rural areas.
19.Traditional food material drying/preservation practices 20.Traditional plant-animal identification methods and vernacular nomenclature.

21.Traditional non-scientific acts and facts – awareness study.
22. Documentation of food processing/food-fermentation techniques and its relation to food quality preservation
23.Study on biodiversity of a particular local community and developing People’s Biodiversity Register
24. Different architectural structures and its importance in maintaining the ecosystem (e.g housing, bridges, water distribution canals)

25. Resource conservation methods and its sustainability
26.Various agricultural farming systems and their importance with the future scope
27.Traditional knowledge of various agricultural tools and its applicability in organic farming
28.Traditional knowledge of fisherman and its links to sustainable livelihoods

29.Study on community seed bank and its relation to food security
30.Traditional knowledge of natural fibre and its uses in the modern context
31.Study on traditional knowledge on ecological restoration mechanism its impact on ecosystem management.

32.Traditional crop rotation methods in agriculture
33. Documentation of traditional drinks in an area and comparison with the modern drinks in terms of preparation and health benefits.
34.Traditional calendar of farming activities and in association with weather parameters.

35. Documentation of vernacular names of plants and selected organisms and its comparison to the modern names in conveying the message about the organisms.
36. Documenting the traditional knowledge on the biodiversity use of the study area.


Understanding Weather and Climate:

Weather is the condition of the atmosphere at particular place and time; with respect to the variables like temperature, air pressure, wind, precipitation, etc. Climate is the regular pattern of weather conditions of a particular place; a region of Earth having particular meteorological condition. Weather changes from day to day or season to season and also change in a regular cycle during the year.

Climate is broadly a long term condition of weather patterns taken over a period of at least thirty years of a region. The geographical situation of any locality/area/region in relation to its latitudinal and longitudinal position, altitude, distribution of land and water, the relative location from water bodies, surface cover (viz. vegetation/snow/rocks, etc.) are some of the natural factors that influence the weather and climatic condition of that particular location. Likewise, weather and climate are among the factors that determine the nature, condition, and pattern of natural resources (e.g. water, soil, flora, and fauna).

NCSC FOCAL THEME: UNDERSTANDING WEATHER AND CLIMATE
NCSC: Focal Theme: Science, Technology and Innovation for SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

The Sub themes include:

  1. Natural Resource Management
  2. Food and Agriculture
  3. Energy
  4. Health, Hygiene & Nutrition.
  5. Lifestyles and Livelihoods
  6. Disaster Management
  7. Traditional Knowledge Systems.

These are responsible for determining the forms of water, soil-forming processes and creating support systems for floral growth; which again determine the faunal composition. These natural resource bases along with weather and climate determine our way of life (viz. occupation, housing, food habits, dress style, transportation, etc.) to some extent.

In totality, weather and climate influence the base of the economy and culture of that area. Climate change is considered as one of the most important global environmental challenges being faced by humanity today, with its implication on natural ecosystem, food production systems, fresh water supply, health and weather related calamities.

India’s weather and climatic conditions are naturally controlled by her geographical location (i.e. its latitudinal and longitudinal extents) and the conditions along her boundaries. (Himalayan ranges from northwestern to northeastern corner in the northern side, existence of Indian Ocean and Arabian Sea as well as Bay of Bengal in southwest to southeast).

The country also encompasses the Western Ghats, which is one of the 34 Biodiversity hot-spots of the world; extending along the West coast of India from the Vindya, Satpura ranges in the North to the Southern tip of the peninsula to a stretch of 1,600 km, receiving an average of nearly 6000 mm of rainfall every year. NCSC Suggested Science Projects & Experiments

The latitudinal and longitudinal extension within the country has greater implication on variation of solar days or sunshine hours from east to west, which is one of the fundamental factors regulating weather and climatic variations in the country. Further, within the country, there are variations in distribution of land and water, altitudinal differences, vegetation type and coverage. All these together have given rise to different climatic zones and agro-climatic zones.

In this context, there is a need to have proper understanding of weather and climate and its changes, mainly oriented towards different aspects, factors, and attributes of weather and climate along with their implications on the natural ecosystem, on society and culture and on human health. Right through, there needs to be focus on climate change aspects, including mitigation and adaptation.

NCSC Suggested Science Projects & Experiments

I. UNDERSTANDING THE WEATHER AROUND YOU

The children should be able to understand the direct as well as indirect impacts of human activities on weather and climate. The impacts may be in the form of temperature change, change in humidity, changes in water availability, changes in energy level received from sun etc.

  1. To study and analyze urban heat islands in your locality.
  2. Studies on micro-climatic variations in different eco systems in your study area.
  3. Analysis of monsoon rainfall of past and present period for your locality.
  4. Studies in wave erosion consequences in beaches of your locality (for coastal regions).
  5. Setting of low cost weather station and analysis of data generated and comparison with weather station data for your area.
  6. Studies on wind speed and direction in various sites of your locality in relation to weather data.
  7. Establishment of micro-meteorological stations with local, low cost, available assets to observe and study the weather of a particular catchment area/locality and compare the data with secondary data from weather stations.
  8. Study of landslides – mapping vulnerable points, reasons thereof for, study of exotic and
    indigenous plant species on landslides and correlating the various factors leading to landslides
  9. Study of cloud bursts in terms of intensity, impact and coping mechanisms in a select area.
  10. Study of cyclones and its impact – prevalence, frequency, and weather preceding and after the incidents.
  11. When do you find whirl wind? Study its frequency, intensity and impacts.
  12. Study of the impact of hail storms (as happened in 2014 in Maharashtra).
  13. Study of weather pattern and shifting monsoons and other phenomenon with consultations with elderly people and correlation with historical data as well as measurement current weather parameters.
  14. To study the variations of local weather conditions influenced by topographical features.
  15. Study of the relationship between different types of weather and precipitation.
  16. Analysis of rainfall trends (if possible probability of occurrence).
  17. Moisture availability in a locality in different seasons.
  18. Study on diurnal of temperature variation under different land-uses.
  19. Study of temperature variations in an aquatic system.
  20. Study on characteristics of land and sea breeze and its impact onerosion of sandin Coastal area.
  21. Comparative study on atmospheric, soil and water temperature in a locality.

II. IMPACT OF HUMAN ACTIVITIES ON WEATHER AND CLIMATE: NCSC Suggested Science Projects & Experiments

  1. Studies on heat production by air condition systems in any study area and analyzing alternatives.
  2. Estimation of temperature in industrial / mining areas and its impact.
  3. Monitoring air and water pollution in your locality.
  4. Comparison of nature of houses (in terms of materials used, ventilation etc.) their design in terms of heat absorption and other weather parameters.
  5. Study the impact of developmental activities on the micro climate/weather of your locality and compare the data with nearby areas not affected by the developmental activity.
  6. Study the impact of vehicular pollution on micro climate at tourist destinations with reference to pre-tourist seasons, tourist season and post tourist season.
  7. To study the carrying capacity of micro water sheds / local entrepreneurs in assisting pilgrims/tourists on religious routes and study seasonal variations, damages to eco systems, pollution etc.
  8. Study the solid waste random disposal /landfill and its effect on nearby water resources and remedial measures.
  9. Study the change in land use and land cover in your areas and its impact on climatic conditions.
  10. Effect of coral and sand mining from sea shores and its changing impact with changing weather.
  11. Study the impact of over exploitation of sand mining on various environmental parameters like water table, temperature of water in water bodies, change in quality of water, (physical, chemical, biological parameters) and larger impact on cropping/agriculture, livelihoods.
  12. Impact of changing weather, climate on the mangrove forests, density, eco system as a whole.
  13. Impact of glass claddings in modern buildings – study of micro climate inside versus ordinary buildings.
  14. Impact of charcoal making (Prosopisjuliflora) on wild life.
  15. Study the impact of multi-storied buildings on the local wind velocity and sunlight intensity, temperature, humidity etc.
  16. Study on desertification and salinization of land/soil.
  17. Comparative study on soil health in jhum cultivated and normal land.

III. WEATHER, CLIMATE AND ECO SYSTEMS: NCSC Suggested Science Projects & Experiments

  1. Studies on micro arthropods /flora and fauna profiles and its seasonal variations in your study area.
  2. Animal behavior as weather indicators – Collection of traditional experience and scientific validation.
  3. Study of the growth rate of invasive (example Parthenium) species and its seasonal variations in your area and studying their adaptation capacities for adverse weather conditions in comparison to major crops.
  4. Study of group migration of animals/birds/fish/plants and correlating the same with observed weather change / extreme weather events.
  5. Study of Pond/Lake eco systems – temperature, water levels with reference to rain fall, study of life forms during various seasons (fish, frog, fresh water snakes, birds, aquatic plants, quality of water across seasons / varying temperatures / varying turbidity, etc.
  6. Study of sacred groves – seasonal variations of life forms biomass, micro climate studies, interrelationships within the eco system, etc.
  7. Study of coastal eco systems – Change of tides, High Tide Line, Low tide line over the years and its impact on coastal eco system, life forms, habitats etc.(Can be carried out as a combination of measuring tides – measured over two to three months – and also oral interviews with elderly fishermen in the area)
  8. Study the impact of temperature variation on floral diversity and behavior of plants in an area.
  9. Study of phonological changes in a rich biodiversity area with respect to changing weather/season.
  10. To study the role of lichens with respect to climate change/weather and biodiversity in a select area.
  11. Study of flora and fauna of a wetland in your locality and study seasonal changes if possible.
  12. Study of aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems in terms of physical, chemical and biological parameters with respect to seasonal changes.
  13. Study of shells and shell fragments from sea beaches and study seasonal variations in their diversity.
  14. Study of fish catch in a coastal area and study the seasonal variations, quantum of catch and economic implications with respect to changing weather, seasons. (also oral interviews with elderly fishermen in the area).
  15. Study of corals in terms of bleaching etc. with respect to changing weather, seasons.
  16. Study of primary productivity in a pond ecosystem.
  17. Study of carbon sequestration in pond/lake eco systems by studying bottom sediments.
  18. Study of carbon sequestration in forest/grasslandsoil.
  19. Study/measurement of canopy cover in different seasons of a forest (alternatively dense vegetation, sacred groves, large trees, school campus, parks etc.)
  20. Study of a tree as an eco system more specifically a habitat – seasonal changes and changing diversity in niche specialization .
  21. Study of sediment transport in a drainage channel/catchment by stakes-high measurement over seasons. (Eutrophication).
  22. Impact of climatic variations of agro-forestry in an area.
  23. Impact of rainfall variability on production of crops of an area.
  24. Study of insect diversity of a grassland eco system (alternatively in wet land / dry land etc.).
  25. Estimation of biomass in a grass species over the seasons.
  26. Study of cow dung droppings and its disintegration as an indicator of soil microbial health.
  27. Estimation of micro fauna of a desert eco system.
  28. Study of bird migration due to weather / climate shift.
  29. Study of changing housing patterns on sparrow population in a city.
  30. Study of wetlands reclamation and its impact on micro climates, birds and other life forms – seasonal studies.
  31. Study the impact of salty rains on the loss of grasslands in Banni region in Gujarat,-impact of weather and climate.
  32. Study the impact of changing weather and climate on the eastern Himalayan glaciers.
  33. Study of local streams and seasonal variations and its impact on local agricultural practices. (Flow rates can be studied as small experiments )
  34. Study on impact analysis of deforestation on soil and nutrient loss due to heavy rainfall and runoff in a simulated situation.
  35. Study on earthworm, wasp, ant and other insects under changing environment due to change in climate and weather.
  36. Litter disintegration studies in monocrop and multicrop soils.
  37. Impact of agricultural practices on soil faunal density and diversity.
  38. Soil faunal migrations in water logged paddy fields…. (premonsson – monsoon – post monsoon).
  39. Crustacean larvae in estuaries…. (premonsson – monsoon – post monsoon).
  40. Human adaptation in various ecosystems to food and livelihood…

IV. WEATHER, CLIMATE, SOCIETY AND CULTURE: NCSC Suggested Science Projects & Experiments

  1. Studies on traditional knowledge and weather forecasting in your study area.
  2. Scientific analysis of festivals in terms of weather in your locality and neighbourhood and comparison.
  3. Study of seasonal food practices and its availability in terms of weather in your locality.
  4. Study of weather related folklore and proverbs of your state/area.
  5. Analysis of school attendance in relation to weather / weather extremes and correlating to socieconomic background of absentees in the last 5 years.
  6. Study of various types of firewood used and amount of soot production (studies related to quantification of the same) in your area.
  7. Study of folk taxonomy and traditional knowledge of a particular area and linking them to traditional medicine / cultural values, practices etc.
  8. Study of climate change/weather extremes and adaptation practices of the people and their culture in high altitude areas.
  9. Study the merit of traditional houses in terms of weather parameters.
  10. Effect of cultural / religious activities/functions on eco system in your locality.
  11. Comparison of fishing activities, food, transportation during monsoon and other seasons in Lakshadweep region.
  12. Traditional methods of predicting rains like movement of ants, height of crow’s nest from ground.
  13. Comparison of crop calendars of present and past and study the impacts on food habits and culture.
  14. Identification, documentation, and validation of indicator plants related to soil moisture status, ground water availability, etc.
  15. Study on indigenous methods of rainwater harvesting.

V. WEATHER, CLIMATE, AND AGRICULTURE: NCSC Suggested Science Projects & Experiments

  1. Using sun’s heat to dehydrate vegetables to prolong their shelf life and get a better price.
  2. Study on the effect of different sowing dates on the growth, flowering and yield of paddy (or of any other crop)
  3. Impact of pollution on plant and soilhealth.
  4. Study of climate, weather versus vegetation changes in an area.
  5. Organic versus in-organic agriculture – Comparative Studies related to performance in adverse weather and climatic conditions.
  6. Study of traditional water harvesting and irrigation techniques and their relevance in changing weather and climatic conditions.
  7. Impact of micro climate on various parameters of a crop including yield, total biomass production etc.
  8. Effect of late monsoon on cropping pattern in your locality.
  9. Change in irrigation pattern due to change in climatic conditions.
  10. Impact of rainfall and temperature on horticulture and agricultural crops with special reference
    to Apple scab disease.
  11. Analysis of parameters of weather conditions on controlled and open agriculture.
  12. Measuring the water holding capacities of terraces in hills/micro water sheds and relating this
    to growth of vegetation/crops on different terraces.
  13. Study the effect of strong winds on banana plantations, and the reducing the impact (quantification of reduction) by tying leaves of banana plants in the Narmada belt in Central Guarat.
  14. Study the effect of “rab” method – burning dried leaves, twigs, bark, cowdung cakes soil layer etc which is a practice of soil preparation during March throughout Konkan area of Maharashtra before sowing rice.
  15. Study effect of changing weather on flowering pattern and fruit production in Alphonso mango which is a cash crop in Konkan region of Maharashtra.
  16. Study the performance of different varieties of different crops which are adapted to extreme weather conditions like drought or water logging, increased temperature etc.
  17. Comparative study of mixed cropping systems with that of mono culture in terms of total yield, total biomass yield, soil fertility etc. before and after cropping.
  18. Study of mixed grains agriculture in Kutch region of Gujarat (Mixed grains are Isabgol, Jeera, Til, Jowar, Moong and Bajra which are sowed together. As the weather changes, different crops grow at different times depending on the gestation period of them. Effect of weather and climate on yield can be studied. This kind of method is called “sukhikheti” which does not need irrigation and tilling carried out by camels).
  19. To measure impact of sunlight on the growth of crops in different types of soil.
  20. Study the impact of changing weather and climatic conditions on Makhana/Sugarcane cultivation in North Bihar and UP.
  21. Study of traditional agricultural practices of past and present practices in terms of changing weather.
  22. Analysis of seasonal /perennial crops production in various weather conditions.
  23. Analysis of milk density in different weather conditions in your locality.
  24. Assessment of food habits of traditional people in view of possible supplement to food security
  25. Study of the impacts of weather and climate change on traditional agricultural practices.
  26. Study of salt farms in coastal areas of Kutch in different seasons.
  27. Study ofsoil moisture retention and comparing them undermulching, drip irrigation etc.
  28. Study of cropping pattern of a particular region as influenced by different seasons in the year (why a particular crop is grown in a particular season only?), effect of weather parameters on various crop stages.
  29. Study of performance of hybrid livestock versus traditional livestock in terms of input costs versus output.
  30. Study of effect of heavy rainfall on different crop stages and its effect on production.
  31. Study of the effect of dry spells on different crop stages and ultimate effect on production.
  32. Study of soil parameters (physical, chemical and biological) in changing weather extremes and
    its correlation with plant production, crop yields etc.
  33. Study of seasonal milk production of various breeds of livestock in the same region – inputs costs versus milk output.
  34. Study of different agricultural practices in relation to weather and climate (tillage, land preparation, sowing, transplanting, weeding, harvesting and post harvest in relation to local calendar systems.
  35. Study of recommended practices (Agricultural University, KVK etc.) like ideal dates of sowing, distance of planting, pest/disease calendar etc. and documenting actual practices in field and their rationale with reference to changing weather/climate.
  36. Effect of changing weather and climate on crop diseases, pest occurrence, emergence of old diseases/pests, whether minor pests emerging as major pests etc.
  37. Study of different weeds with reference to changing weather on occurrence, growth, flowering and reproduction (overall life cycle)
  38. Studies on effect of weather and climate on different crops/grain storage techniques/practices.
  39. Study of modern agricultural practices which contribute for increasing levels of GHGs – eg. Deep ploughing, using high inputs like chemical fertilizers, pesticides, weedicides, farm machinery etc.
  40. Study of innovative crop practices adapting to changing weather, climate and identifying components which are critical for improved performance in adverse weather and climatic conditions.
  41. Study of sericulture in changing weather/climatic conditions.
  42. Study of changing weather and climatic conditions on floriculture.
  43. Comparative study of System of rice intensification (SRI) of paddy cultivation with conventional paddy cultivation with respect to less water intensive method.
  44. Study of impact of weather and climate change in the traditional paddy cum fish culture in the Zino valley of Arunachal Pradesh.
  45. Study of Jhum cultivation and its impacts on change of weather and climate of your locality.
  46. Study of the practice of burning the stock of sugar cane on the next crop in Tamilnadu.
  47. Study the impact of biochar on crop growth and soil parameters.
  48. Study of short term vegetable cultivation versus long term crops as a strategy to cope with changing weather/ climate. (green vegetable cultivation).
  49. Residual moisture based farming – Suitability for post monsoon crop.
  50. Analysis of yield and quality of spices due to weather/climate change in hilly regions with special relevance to onset of South west monsoon.
  51. Comparison of seasonal crop calendars and their variation within an agro-climatic zone – regional variations and differences and their rationale.
  52. Comparative study on crop performance through hydroponics and normal crop production system.
  53. Study on yield advantage of mono cropping and mixed cropping
  54. Harvesting of rain water and its re-use

VI.  WEATHER, CLIMATE, AND HEALTH: NCSC Suggested Science Projects & Experiments

  1. Study of weather related diseases in your locality – incidence, spread, treatment, expenditure, loss of livelihoods and correlation to socio-economic conditions of those affected.
  2. Mapping of tropical diseases in terms of weather and finding out the vulnerability in terms of geography (landscape), social, economic and cultural factors of those who are more prone to the diseases.
  3. Hospital based studies related to weather and climate and correlating with field level studies.
  4. Analysis of agricultural / horticultural/ ornamental/cash crops in terms of weather extremes/climate change.
  5. Mapping of vector borne diseases in your locality with special reference to re-emergence of certain diseases, mapping more vulnerable areas and linking them to health, sanitation etc.
  6. Study the emerging diseases in higher Himalayan regions and correlate the same to temperature, rainfall and other weather parameters, climate change.
  7. Participatory Village level mapping of your locality with reference to landscape, natural resources, health and sanitation facilities, vulnerable localities for epidemics and making a people plan for interventional strategies with pre and post intervention impact studies.
  8. Study / documentation of working policy planning of various line departments with respect to onset of monsoon, weather extremes, disease incidence and strategies for coping with epidemics and finding out the efficacy of such plans and suggesting changes/modifications in a scientific manner.
  9. Study of pattern of common diseases in the general population in relation to changing local weather conditions including seasonality, frequency etc.
  10. Study of various skin diseases in the last three years in your locality related to changing weather, climate etc.
  11. Study the quality of air in various environs – crowded, slums, textile industries, fly ash handling areas, bricks and cement industry etc. and study the seasonal variations.
  12. Study the impact of weather and climate on food, fruits, vegetables, fish etc. and their durability during various seasons/weather.
  13. To study the impact of changing weather / climate on industrial areas (thermal plants, stone crushing industry, textile, steel, glass industries etc.) on health and livelihood losses.
  14. To study the impact of humid weather on skin related diseases/infections.
  15. Prevalence of nature of disease in domestic animals as an effect of weather and climate.

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