Sataka Padyalu Audio Books Download from here (Sataka Poems). Satakas are collections of poems – usually 100 or so on a common theme. Sometimes they may have between 101 and 108 poems. Each of the poems in a sataka has a standard invocation on the last line – often referred to as “makutam”.
The theme is usually invocation to a Diety or a moral meant for the reader. They are highly informative and readable. Two of these satakas – Vemana and Sumati are highly esteemed for the moral ideas they contain.
“Sataka” is a genre of unique qualities, with its instant appeal to both the common reader and the scholar. It is mostly subjective and devotional, many times philosophical too in nature, which is the main reason for its universal and continuous appeal through the ages.
Sataka poetry in Telugu dates from the eleventh century during the saivaite age of literature and continues to regale the readers even in the modern period.
Teachers should make students listen to the audio books and Teachers should make students read e books.
There can be no doubt that such an interesting and aesthetically satisfying genre should be introduced to the non Telugu reader too. This form of poetry, with its accent on either divine worship or Social Philosophy, transcends all barriers of language, culture, place and religion.
Sataka Padyalu Audio Books
Punchline: Sataka, as its name suggests, contains a minimum of 100 poems and often, much more than that. “Satakam” is no exception to this. The ‘Makutam’ or the punchline, which occurs at the end of each poem gives the sataka a moving.
Literary form, like ‘Satakam’ should be preserved for as many generations as possible, to retain the culture of devotional and philosophical poetry. And it is possible only through translation to give them a wider readership across the country.
“Sata” means hundred in Sanskrit. ‘Satakamu’ means a compilation of hundred poems by a single poet. Though literally a Satakam should contain a hundred poems, they often exceed hundred by a small number.
The characteristics of a Satakam are as follows:
- Each Satakam conveys a different ideology, depending on the poet’s school of thought.
- Each Satakam also follows the same ‘Chandassu’ for all the poems in that Satakam. Chandassu is a set of grammatical rules which should be followed while constructing a poem. For example 1. How many syllables each line should contain 2. Which word should rhyme with which word etc.
- Each Satakam has a ‘Makutam’ (crown). Makutam means a phrase or a word repeated at the end of each poem in the Satakam. We can say it is the signature of the poet for that Satakam.
Example of four Satakams, though there are many Satakams in Telugu.
A. Vemana Satakam: This is written by ‘Vemana’(Gona Vema Reddy). He became a ‘Yogi’(a person who denounces all worldly things) when he attained his adulthood.
Makutam for this Satakam is “Viswadabhirama vinura Vema”. Meaning of this phrase is “Oh Vema, the lover of this universe listen!”. Here Vemana says God is in every person, including him.
- The chandassu for this satakam is ‘Ataveladi’
- In this satakam Vemana tries to teach worldly-wise things mixed with deep philosophy.
B. Sumati Satakam: It is written by Baddena Bhupaludu.
- Makutam for this Satakam is ‘Sumatee’ (which means oh, good-hearted person!)
- The chandassu for this satakam is ‘Kanda padyam’
- It teaches morals. What to do and what not to do etc. You can say it is a sort of moral science for ancient times.
C. Krishna Satakam: This is written by Nrusimha Kavi. All the poems are written in praise of Krishna (Hindu God).
- Makutam for this Satakam s ‘Krishnaa!” (Krishna, Oh God!)
- The chandasuu for this satakam is ‘kanda padyam’
- It tries to inculcate ‘bhakti bhavam’ (devotion towads God)
- Here are two sample poems:
Meaning of those two poems:
Poem: Nīvē tallivim̐ daṇḍrivi
nīvē nā tōḍu nīḍa! Nīvē sakhuḍau
nīvē guruḍavu daivamu
nīvē nā patiyu gatiyu! Nijamuga kr̥iṣṇā!
Meaning: Oh Krishna, you are my mother, father, friend, teacher and guide. You are all in one for me.
Poem: Krūrātmuḍu ajāmīḷuḍu
nārāyaṇa anucu ātma nandanu piluvan
ērīnīsāṭi vēlpulu endunu kr̥iṣṇā!
Meaning: A cruel person ‘Ajameeludu’ called his son “Krishna!”. Even then you have granted him ‘moksha’ (eternal bliss). There is no one as kind as you!.
D. Kalahastiswara Satakam: This is written by Dhurjati. He was one of the eight poets called ‘Ashta diggajamulu’ in the kingdom of the King ‘Sri Krishna Devaraya’
- Mukutam for this Satakam is ‘Sri Kalahastiswara!’(Oh, God of Kalahasti!)
- Chandassu for this Satakam is ‘Sardulam’
- These poems teach deep philosophy of life.
- Here are two sample poems:
Meaning of poems:
Poem: Antā mithya talan̄ci cūcina naruṇḍaṭlau ṭeṟiṅgin sadā
kānta lputtrulu narthamun tanuvu nikkamban̄cu mōhārṇava
bhrāntiṁ jendi jarin̄cum̐ gāni paramārthambaina nīyandum̐ dām̐
jintākantayum̐ jinta nilpaḍugadā śrīkāḷahastīśvarā!
Meaning: Everything in this world is a mirage. Even knowing the fact the human beings attach themselves to spouse, children, wealth, and body. Immersed in this worldly pleasures they don’t give a minute’s time to meditate on you.
Poem: Ālun biḍḍalu tallitaṇḍrulu dhanamban̄cunmahābandhanaṁ
bēlā nā meḍa gaṭṭināḍavikaninnēvēḷa jintintu ni
rmūlambaina manambulō negaḍu durmōhābdilōgruṅki yī
śīlāmālapu jintaneṭluḍipedō śrīkāḷahastīśvarā!
Meaning: Oh God, why did you attach the relationships like spouse, children, and parents to my neck? I am not able to meditate on you because of these relationships.
E. Dasarathi Satakam: It was written by Kancharla Gopanna, known as Ramadasu during the 17th century. It consists of 104 poems
- Makutam : Daasarthee Karuna Payonedhee (O son of Dasaratha, the ocean of mercy). . Dasarathi means son of Dasaratha, who is the mythological Hindu king Rama. (O son of Dasaratha, the ocean of mercy)
- The chandassu for this satakam is Utpala mala and champaka mala. Athis form of verse have more number of sillabels.
- In this Satakam Ramadasu worships Rama with all devoution. In each of the poem we can see his pure devoution to lord Rama.
F. Narasimha Satakam: It is written by Seshappa Kavi. All the poems are written in the praise of ‘Narasimha’
- Makutam for this Satakam is “Bhushana Vikasa Dharmapura nivasa! Dushta samhara! Narasimha!Durita dura!(two lines of a verse). Meaning of these lines is: “O Narasimha, who resides in Dharmapura, whose body glows with the ornaments, who chase away sins and who destroys sinners”
- The chandassu for this Satakakam is Sisa Padyam. Sisa padyam consists of two parts. One is basic sisam and another is a small verse either ’Ataveladi’ or ‘Theta geetam’ which follows the basic Sisam. It is one of the beautiful forms of verses.
- In this Satakam one can see the submission of the poets heart to lord Narasimha. All the poems are written with great anguish/distress/heartache, because he is not able to reach the lord.
Poem: Dharanilo veyyendlu..thanuvu nilvaga bodu
bhruthyulu mruthini tha…ppimpaleru
bandhujaalamu thannu…brathikinchuko leru
ghanamaina sakala bhaa…gyamu lentha galgiyu
gochi maathrambaina..gonuchu bodu//
verri kukkala bhramalanni..vidachi ninnu
bhajana jesedi vaariki…barama sukhamu
bhooshana vikaasa!sreedharma…pura nivaasa!
Meaing: O Narasimha, this body will not stay on this earth for thousand(many)years. Wealth is not eternal. When somebody dies his/her family will not come along with them. Servants would not be able to protect one from his death. Any relatives will not protect one from death, power will not be useful(while dying), and even if one is a very wealthy person he/she will not be able to take even a small piece of clothe with them. So instead of thinking like mad dog, why don’t people worship you(know you)?
Poem: Talli garbhamu nuṇḍi dhanamu tēḍevvaḍu, veḷḷipōyeḍināḍu veṇṭa rādu
lakṣādhikāraina lavaṇamannamegāni, meṟugubaṅgārambu mriṅgabōḍu
vitta mārjana jēsi viṟṟavīguṭe kāni, kūḍabeṭṭina som’mu kuḍuvabōḍu
pondugā marugaina bhūmilōpala beṭṭi, dānadharmamu lēka dācidāci
tudaku doṅgala kitturō! Dorala kavuno!
Tēne juṇṭīga liyyavā teruvarulaku!
Bhūṣaṇavikāsa! Śrī dharmapura nivāsa!
Duṣṭasanhāra! Narasinha! Duritadūra!
Meaning: O Narasimha, Nobody brings wealth from his mother’s womb. When somebody dies wealth does not come along with them. Even if somebody is a millionaire, he/she can eat only basic edible things like rice and salt (some taste makers added to grains) but cannot eat gold. If somebody amasses huge amount of wealth, it will go to others but will not come along with one when he/she dies. Like the honey made by honey bees is taken by some walkers by, the money amassed in secret place will be taken by some robbers or kings. So don’t waste your time amassing too much wealth, instead try to find the Lord.
Makutam is a signature of poetry (Punchline) which gives us an idea about who has written it or otherwise. Most famous makutam is Viswadhaabhi Raama, Vinura Vema!
Vemana has a whole line in his Padyam as makutam, where he mentions two names of people Viswadha and Abhiraama who are supposed to be his friends.
Another famous makutam is Sumathi! Written by one baddena bhupala . I think the motive, which was to inculcate goodness into minds of people, made him choose this makutam, as Sumathi means one with good sense. There are some more satakamulu with Kuamara, Daasarthee Karuna Payonedhee, Sreekalahasteeswaraa, Bhaskara, Narayana as makutams. I think these all depict the name of poets who wrote them or names of almighty.
Makutamu in Telugu poems would be normally the last line of the four-liner or the last word of the poem. Examples are: Dasaratdhee, Viswadabhi Rama vinura vema, sumathee, Bhaskaraa.
The interesting thing is why one poem should have a Makutam. we think that was an intelligent approach the olden days’ poets had adopted for the unique identification of their literary works. They preserved their intellectual properties well.
Language development should be done in the students at the completion of school. Reading should become a habit. ‘Children’s literature’ contributes to this. Satakamulu are offered as part of children’s literature. The notion that ‘literature means doing good’. It always spreads the good to those who hear, to those who are educated, to those who know.
There are various processes in Telugu literature. One of them is ‘Shatakam’. It consists of 100 to 108 poems and it lights with Makutum. Each poem expresses a particular sense with “makutum”. ‘Shatakam’ has the power to change our lives for the better. If the morals of the ‘Shatakamulu’ are understood and practised in life, there will be no injustice, iniquity, exploitation and violence in society.
This is why Telangana has a tradition of learning ‘Shataka’ poems from an early age. It is not an exaggeration to say that there are Telugu people who do not write ‘Shataka’ poems. ‘Shataka’ poems have appeared in Telugu textbooks in every class.
In addition to these, the State Educational Research Training Institute has created these short books with selected poems titled ‘Shataka’ Fragrances'(‘శతక పరిమళాలు‘) with the intention of providing more poems to the benefit of the students.
Community welfare depends on a person with values. A person with high attitudes and moral values will be developing society. This is why adults say that the values would be developed in students at the school level.
Telugu ‘Shataka’ poems are a crucial role in developing values in students. For this purpose, SCETRT Telangana has selected suitable ‘Telugu Shataka poems for the students’ level and created short books under the title of ”Shataka parimalalu”.
These were made available through the SCERT website for use by students as well as parents, teachers, academic fans, and anyone. These can be used by all Telugu people.
It is said that ‘today’s children are tomorrow’s citizens’. ‘School education’ is a key role to makes students as good persons. Education should enhance the knowledge of the students as well as contribute to the development of personality and all-round development.
For this purpose, Students should practice reading his textbooks and also read additional textbooks and other related books. Knowledge and discernment should be developed with the help of technology and need to understand society.
For this, the TS SCERT is working on the design of ‘Children Literature’. As part of this, Telugu Shatakamulu are being provided in the form of additional reading material under the name ‘Shataka Parimalalu‘.
Shataka Poem is a literary word that dances on Tongues of all people without difference between Pandita and Pamarjana. Over the centuries, Telugu poets have written many Shatakamulu on the concepts of devotion, morality, knowledge and despair. Some of them are very popular.
These Shataka poems contribute to the development of personality, enriching spiritual, moral, and social values, enabling the discernment of good and evil in humans.
It is well known that intellectuals, academics and social scholars are concerned that values are falling in today’s modern society!
‘Shataka Poems’ at various levels in school education have been included in the Telugu textbook as a subject to develop moral values in the children who are future Indian citizens and community builders,
In addition to these, some of the Shataka poems that teach acceptable values through ‘Children’s Literature’ are being provided to children under the name of ‘Shataka Parimalalu’. The audio was also created to these books and uploaded on the website.
These are developing moral values in children in addition to can contribute to the development of language skills such as listening-speaking, reading-comprehension, vocabulary development and expression.
If you remember the Satakha’s we all used to love, you will want your next generation to cherish the same. SCERT brings together the well-illustrated Satakha’s for everyone that would simply light up a smile. These audiobooks will smartly touch you to the evergreen “Telugu Sathaka’s”. A simple & elegant way to share poetry with your family & friends.
Most popular Sathaka’s available
|1) Vemana satakamu||34|
|2) Sumathi satakamu||32|
|3) Kumara satakamu||37|
|4) Bhaskara satakamu||35|
|5) Dhasaradhi satakamu||30|
|6) Sri kalahasthiswara satakamu||26|
|7) Narasimha satakamu||32|
These are also offered for free download from her.
Shataka Parimalau – In order to inculcate moral values in students from an early age, the State Department of Education in association with the State Council for Educational Research and Training (SCERT) has created a booklet of moral poems entitled ‘Shataka Parimalu’. An audio form has been added to these poems and is currently uploaded on the SCERT website.
It is appreciated that sataka parimalalu audio poems are made available on the website so that students as well as parents, teachers and educators and every one can use them.
SCERT is committed to the creation of children’s literature so that students can become accustomed to reading additional texts and books in addition to textbooks, develop knowledge and discernment with the help of technology, and understand society.
In addition to inculcating moral values in children, they contribute to the development of language skills such as listening, speaking, reading, comprehension, vocabulary development, and expression.
Shataka poems are fragrances of values. Shatakam is one of the various processes in Telugu literature. A Shatakam consists of one hundred to one hundred and eight verses. There are many moral poems in our famous ancient Shatakams.
These Shataka poems are offered to students in textbooks from elementary classes onwards. These Shataka poems are also memorized by the students.
Each verse conveys a unique message, morality, and values to our lives. By embracing and practicing the essence of these from an early age, one can become an outstanding person.
The power to change our lives for the better is in the verses. If every student follows them, there will be no injustice, exploitation and violence in the society. There are already poems in Telugu texts for students composed from different Shatakams.
In addition to this, SCERT has created Books in the name of Shataka Paramalu with the intention of providing more benefits to the students. Selected important poems from the famous seven Shatakams and sang them in fine music with Telugu Language Teachers from different districts of the state. These poems were sung to impress everyone including the students.
- What is Satakam?
'Sata' means hundred in Sanskrit. ‘Satakamu’ means a compilation of hundred poems by a single poet.
- What is Makutam?
'Makutam' is a punchline. Makutam means a phrase or a word repeated at the end of each poem in the Satakam. We can say it is the signature of the poet for that Satakam.
- Why to create Shataka Parimalalu Books?
SCERT Telangana has created and developed short books with selected poems titled 'Shataka Parimalalu'(శతక పరిమళాలు) with the intention of providing more poems to the benefit of the students.
- What are the most popular Sataka's?
1) Vemana satakamulu
2) Sumathi satakamulu
3) Bhaskara satakamulu
4) Kumara satakamulu
5) Dhasaradhi satakamulu
6) Sri kalahasthiswara satakamulu
7) Narasimha satakamulu