Vidya Pravesh Module 2022 is a School Preparation Module for Grade 1 students

Vidya Pravesh Module or School Preparation Module is a three month play based school preparation module for Grade 1 students. With schools having been closed for the last year and a half due to COVID-19, the Central government has issued a 12-week play-based module as a transition aid to help students ease into physical classes for the first time. This preparatory module should be used for all Class 1 students across the country even after the pandemic, according to the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) professors who prepared the Vidya Pravesh module.

The Vidya Pravesh module OR School Preparation Module is meant to bridge the gaps for these students. “The purpose is to help teachers ensure that all children are exposed to a warm and welcoming environment when they enter Grade-I (6 to 7 years), particularly during the Covid-19 pandemic, leading to their smooth transition to school,” says the module’s guidelines. It is meant to be implemented in government schools through the newly launched ‘NIPUN Bharat’ scheme.

The module lays out detailed plans, using activities, games, art integration and storytelling tools to achieve three developmental goals. In order for children to maintain good health and well-being, it includes a focus on physical and motor development, socio-emotional development, nutrition, safety, hygiene and sanitation. The other two goals aim to build the foundations for literacy and numeracy to ensure that children become effective communicators and involved learners who are able to connect with their immediate environment.

It is not just Class 1 students who need help in transition. NCERT officials are recommending that bridge courses be used for all grades till Class 5 once schools reopen their doors, noting that such bridge programmes had been developed to integrate school dropouts and could be adapted for post-COVID school reopening as well.

Vidya Pravesh Module

Vidya Pravesh Guidelines for Three-month Play-based School Preparation Module for Grade-I

Name of the moduleVidya Pravesh Programme Module 2022
TitleDownload the Vidya Pravesh Module 2022
SubjectNCERT released Vidya Pravesh Handbook 2022
CategoryModule
Websitehttps://ncert.nic.in/
DownloadSchool Preparation Module 2022 (Vidya Pravesh)
DownloadTS School Preparation Handbook 2022 (Telugu)
School Preparation Module Details

The foundational stage of children’s life is crucial for their growth, holistic development and learning. Accessibility to equitable quality education at this stage is fundamental for developing foundational competencies related to health, wellbeing, language literacy, mathematical thinking and environmental awareness. Therefore, the National Education Policy (NEP 2020) emphasises on developing the relevant concepts and attaining requisite competencies to facilitate optimal learning when children start schooling.

It is an interim measure to bridge the gap in the preparedness of children for school. Children, who begin their education in primary schools with such strong foundational competencies, grasp more advanced competencies faster. Hence, this beginning must be smooth and comfortable in Grade-I (6 to 7 years) leading to better adjustment with the school education system and the process of learning.

It is clearly pointed out in the policy that a large proportion of children currently in primary schools are facing learning crisis, especially in terms of foundational literacy and numeracy. Timely intervention and well designed age and developmentally appropriate activities provide children opportunities to develop the required competencies and promote their holistic development in an integrated manner, irrespective of their diverse backgrounds.

Keeping the focus on this holistic development, the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has developed a Guidelines for Three-month Play-based School Preparation Module for Grade-I (6 to 7 years) children ‘VIDYA PRAVESH’. VIDYA PRAVESH is one of the essential components of NIPUN BHARAT – National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy, an initiative of the Government of India.

This document intends to address the developmental and learning needs of all children who enter Grade-I (6 to 7 years), and who may or may not had any prior preschool experience. The document will facilitate teachers to make children’s entry in school education smooth, fearless and joyful. The school preparation programme is suggested to be designed and implemented for initial three months of Grade-I (6 to 7 years) which can be transacted for four hours per day.

It follows a play-based pedagogy and promotes experiential learning with emphasis on the use of developmentally appropriate activities and local play materials. Conscious efforts have been made to ensure the role of parents and community in the growth, development and learning of children.

The document is the result of collective efforts of the NCERT faculty along with subject experts, teachers, practitioners and teacher-educators. The guidelines are suggestive and can be adapted or adopted by the States/Union Territories and other stakeholders as per their requirements.

It is also a dynamic document, which will continuously be improved as per the feedback from the teachers and other stakeholders based on their experiences of implementing Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission. The efforts of the Department of Elementary Education, NCERT, are well appreciated for the development of these guidelines. The Council welcomes comments and suggestions from the users for further enhancing the quality and usability of this document.

ABC Program | LEP Program | 3Rs Program | Remedial Teaching Program
NIPUN Bharat 2022
Vidya Pravesh 2022
School Preparation Programme 2022
FLN Mission 2022
LEP 3Rs Programme 2021
ABC Programme 2021
45 Days ABC Programme Action Plan 2021
ABC Programme

Vidya Pravesh Highlights

  • Vidya Pravesh Module is provide guidelines for Three-month Play-based School Preparation Module for 6 to 7 years Grade-I Children, has been developed as per the recommendations of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020.
  • The purpose is to help teachers ensure that all children are exposed to a warm and welcoming environment when they enter Grade-I, particularly during the Covid-19 pandemic, leading to their smooth transition to school.
  • The guidelines intends to create a stimulating learning environment that is joyful, safe, ensures emotional security and provides support to all the children in school and at home.
  • The play-based pedagogy is a significant aspect of the guidelines that plays a vital role in creating a joyful and stress-free environment for children to learn, and also in addressing the learning needs of children with special needs or disabilities (Divyang).
  • Focus is also given on learning in mother tongue or home language and allowing as many languages as children bring to the classroom, including sign language.
  • The document suggests three months or 12 weeks preparation as an interim measure until the universal provisioning of quality early childhood development, care and education is achieved with a target to ensure that all children entering Grade-I are school ready at least by 2030 (NEP 2020).

FLN Mission and Details

The FLN Mission aims to enable all the children to read and respond with comprehension; independently write with understanding; understand the reasoning in the domains of number, measurement, and shapes; and become independent in problem-solving. The purpose is to ensure that every child in the country necessarily attains foundational literacy and numeracy by the end of Grade-III, and not later than Grade-V, by 2025.

The guidelines also suggest that a variety of learning experiences needs to be given to the children through play activities, interaction, worksheets, etc. As directed in the NEP-2020, it is recommended to introduce children with play and activity based learning experiences in the initial three months or 12 weeks of Grade-I, before introducing the activities in the curriculum prescribed for Grade-I.

It is important to note that the pedagogical processes recommended are not limited to three months or 12 weeks only, but it is expected to be continued throughout the foundational stage of learning as the children enter the Grade-I, with diverse backgrounds (home contexts) and prior preschool experience.

The context for this recommendation is that a large proportion of children currently in elementary schools are undergoing what is being termed as ‘learning crisis’. It is estimated that approximately over 5 crore children in the elementary school system have not been able to attain foundational literacy and numeracy, i.e., the ability to read and comprehend basic text and carry out basic addition and subtraction (NEP 2020).

Some children might come directly to Grade-I, some through Anganwadis and some through private preschools. In most cases they come with little or no access to quality preschool education. As a result, children enter Grade-I, with inadequate conceptual and linguistic preparedness for the primary school curriculum.

The research also indicates that a large number of children are admitted to school at the age of 5 or 6 years with limited language and cognitive skills and conceptual foundation, which are actually needed as a prerequisite for them to be able to successfully acquire competencies related to the foundational literacy and numeracy at the foundational stage in schools. The learning gap has a cumulative impact on their future learning in higher classes.

The policy calls for immediate measures to be taken in ‘mission mode’ to ensure that the children have basic curricular preparedness in Grade-I. The learning experiences need to be designed to help children learn foundational literacy and numeracy concepts and acquire skills which will enable them to develop a sound foundation for learning in the early primary grades.

The activities should also provide opportunities to develop competencies like helping, sharing, getting along with other children, following a school routine, learning to adjust in a new environment, and to concentrate on an activity for a period of time, thus extending their attention span. Once children learn to naturally focus on the subject, their overall learning becomes more effective.

Opportunities should also be given for experimentation, exploration, investigation, problem-solving, critical thinking, enriching interaction with others, learning cultural diversity and ethical values. Yoga, dance, exercise and play activities for motor development must be a regular feature of school preparation for gaining physical fitness, mental alertness, memory enhancement and emotional balance.

The confidence, motivation, and the vigour to learn, developed during this process, prepares children for a smooth and successful start for the foundational stage. It facilitates adjustment in the first few years of the foundational stage leading to reduction in the number of dropouts and retention in the preparatory classes in schools and helps children build a strong foundation for further learning and development.

Learning the importance of seva, sense of responsibility would help them become good citizens in the future. The guidelines focus on planning and transaction of the module including planning of activities, tracking children’s progress or assessment, involving parents and communities in the learning of children, development of weekly schedule, and ways to implement the daily or routine activities are given both for the teachers and parents. The focus is on building an interface between children, schools, and the family to work together to ensure smooth transition of children from home to school or from preschool to the primary school.

In NIPUN BHARAT guidelines for foundational literacy and numeracy mission, the competencies for holistic development of the child from 3 to 9 years are codified under three developmental goals. The competencies and learning outcomes for three years of preschool education and classes 1 to 3 have been progressively and spirally arranged. The teachers need to keep the developmental goals, competencies and learning outcomes in mind while designing the learning experiences, activities and worksheets.

Foundational Stage 6 years (3–9 years)

Three-month Play-based School Preparation Module for Grade-I Children (6 to 7 years). This table for the Transaction Stage of the Module

Foundational StageYears of Children
Preschool 13 to 4 years
Preschool 24 to 5 years
Preschool 3Balvatika (5–6 years)
Grade-I6 to 7 years
Grade-II7 to 8 years
Grade-III8 to 9 years
Foundational Stage 6 years Details

The Duration of the School Preparation Module

  • The module is to be designed for three months or 12 weeks duration for all children who have entered Grade-I ( 6 to 7 years).
  • The learning opportunities should be provided for five days a week, for four hours per day, for the initial three months or 12 weeks of Grade-I ( 6 to 7 years).
  • However, the four hours per day transaction duration is flexible and the teachers may reduce or increase the duration as per the need.
  • In schools which function on Saturdays, the teachers may recapitulate the activities done and also plan for the next week.

The School Preparation Objectives

The Objectives The objectives of the three-month preparation module are:

  • To promote school preparedness in all children coming to Grade-I ( 6 to 7 years) from diverse backgrounds.
  • To ensure a smooth transition of children to Grade-I ( 6 to 7 years).
  • To provide play-based, age and developmentally appropriate learning experiences in a joyful and stimulating environment leading to holistic development.
  • To prepare children with the cognitive and linguistic competencies which are pre-requisite for learning to read, write and develop number sense through a play based approach.

Main Features of the School Preparation Module

ItemSP Programme Features
What is SP Programme?Three-month Play-based School Preparation Module for Grade-I (6 to 7 years) Children
Target GroupChildren Who Entered Grade-I ( 6 to 7 years)
Programme DurationThree Months or 12 Weeks
TransactionFive Days a Week and Four Hours a Day
School Preparation Main Features

Aim of the School Preparation Module


School Preparation Module Developmental Goals – Below mentioned developmental goals are interrelated and are aimed to provide opportunities for the development of competencies for ensuring holistic development of children, i.e., cognitive, language, physical, socio-emotional and creativity. The teacher should develop and plan learning opportunities around all three developmental goals.

SP Program Developmental Goal 1

  • Gross Motor Skills
  • Fine Motor Skills
  • Eye-Hand Coordination
  • Socio-Emotional Development
  • Health and Nutrition
  • Hygiene
  • Safety

SP Program Developmental Goal 2

  • Talking and Listening
  • Reading with Comprehension Writing with Purpose

SP Program Developmental Goal 3

  • Sensory Development
  • Cognitive Skills
  • Concepts related to Environment
  • Number Sense
GoalDevelopmental Goal
Developmental Goal 1Children maintain good health and well-being and To provide experiences for physical and motor development, socio-emotional development, nutrition, safety, hygiene and sanitation.
Developmental Goal 2Children become effective communicators and To build the foundations for language and literacy
Developmental Goal 3Children become involved learners and connect with their immediate environment and To build foundations of numeracy, and provide direct experience and interaction with the physical, social and natural environment
School Preparation Module Developmental Goals

The policy recommends to ensure that all children are prepared for school, a Three-month play-based school preparation module for all Grade-I students, consisting of activities and workbooks around the learning of alphabets, sounds, words, colours, shapes, and numbers, and involving collaborations with peers and parents, will be developed by the NCERT and SCERTs (NEP 2020).

Foundational literacy includes oral language, print awareness, phonemic awareness, book handling, vocabulary, letter sound correspondence, alphabet recognition, rhyming, letter sound correspondence, etc.,

Foundational numeracy includes concepts related to shapes, colours, sizes, spatial sense, one to one correspondence, classification, seriation, pattern making, sequential thinking, number sense, data handling, etc.,

  1. What is an integral part of NIPUN BHARAT?

    Vidya Pravesh is an integral part of NIPUN BHARAT.

  2. What is Vidya Pravesh aligned to?

    Vidya Pravesh is a National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN Mission) of the Government of India and NCERT aligned to the key competencies and the learning outcomes of Preschool 3 (Balvatika)

  3. What is Vidya Pravesh?

    Vidya Pravesh Guidelines for Three-month Play-based School Preparation Module for Grade-I Children, has been developed as per the recommendations of the National Education Policy (NEP) 2020.

  4. Who has developed the Vidya Pravesh Guidelines?

    The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has developed a Vidya Pravesh Guidelines for Three-month Play-based School Preparation Module for Grade-I children.

  5. What is school preparation programme?

    The school preparation programme is suggested to be designed and implemented for initial three months of Grade-I which can be transacted for four hours per day.

*Disclaimer: We have published the above information for reference Purpose only, For any changes on the content we refer to visit the Official website to get the latest & Official details, and we are not responsible for anything

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